The attached PDF's below may be used for students who have been absent or who need to supplement notes and content knowledge.

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Middle Ages, Medieval Times, Dark Ages: What's the Difference?

When people use the terms Medieval Times, Middle Ages, and Dark Ages they are generally referring to the same period of time. The Dark Ages is usually referring to the first half of the Middle Ages from 500 to 1000 A.D..

After the fall of the Roman Empire, a lot of the Roman culture and knowledge was lost. This included art, technology, engineering, and history. Historians know a lot about Europe during the Roman Empire because the Romans kept excellent records of all that happened. However, the time after the Romans is "dark" to historians because there was no central government recording events. This is why historians call this time the Dark Ages.

Although the term Middle Ages covers the years from about 476 A.D. to 1450 A.D. throughout the world, this timeline is based on events specifically in Europe during that time.


external image kidcastle1.jpg

Timeline of the Middle Ages - Condensed Version
  • 476- The fall of the Roman Empire. Rome had ruled much of Europe. Now much of the land would fall into confusion as local kings and rulers tried to grab power. This is the start of the Dark Ages or the Middle Ages.

  • 481- Clovis becomes King of the Franks. Clovis united most of the Frankish tribes that were part of Roman Province of Gaul.
  • 570- Muhammad, prophet of Islam is born.
  • 732- Battle of Tours. The Franks defeat the Muslims turning back Islam from Europe.
  • 800- Charlemagne, King of the Franks, is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne united much of Western Europe and is considered the father of both the French and the German Monarchies.

  • 835- Vikings from the Scandinavian lands (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) begin to invade northern Europe. They would continue until 1042.

  • 896- Alfred the Great, King of England, turns back the Viking invaders.
  • 1066- William of Normandy, a French Duke, conquers England in the Battle of Hastings. He became King of England and changed the country forever.
  • 1096- Start of the First Crusade. The Crusades were wars between the Holy Roman Empire and the Muslims over the Holy Land. There would be several Crusades over the next 200 years.

  • 1189- Richard I, Richard the Lionheart, becomes King of England.
  • 1206 - The Mongol Empire is founded by Genghis Khan.
  • 1215 - King John of England signs the Magna Carta. This document gave the people some rights and said the king was not above the law.
  • 1271- Marco Polo leaves on his famous journey to explore Asia.
  • 1337- The Hundred Years War begins between England and France for control of the French throne.
  • 1347- The Black Death begins in Europe. This horrible disease would kill around half of the people in Europe.

  • 1431 - French heroine Joan of Arcis executed by England at the age of 19.
  • 1444 - German inventor Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press. This will signal the start of the Renaissance.
  • 1453– The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Constantinople. This signals the end of the Eastern Roman Empire also known as Byzantium.

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Timeline - Extensive

The Early Middle Ages (5th Century – 10th Century)

  • September 4th, 476 AD- The Roman Emperor Romulus Augustus defeated by the leader of German Scirii and Heruli tribes, Odoacer.
  • 481 AD- The Frankish tribes are united by Clovis after he became the king of Franks by defeating the Visigoths in the Battle of Vouille.
  • 529 AD- The Code of Civil Law published by Justinian 1. This body of law containing three parts compiled the centuries of imperial pronouncements and legal writings.
  • 542 AD- The bubonic plague spreads to all urban establishments in the Mediterranean Basin.
  • 552 AD- Byzantines completely conquer Italy
  • 570 AD- Prophet Mohammed, the preacher of Islam was born in this year. Islam later became a major religion of the Middle Ages.
  • 590 AD- Christianity receives a new Pope in the form of Gregory the Great under whose command the missionary works reach new heights.
  • 597 AD- Augustine, the Roman missionary to Britain sent by Gregory the Great, arrives in Kent
  • 622 AD- Prophet Mohammad and his followers start their journey from Mecca to Medina called Hijra. This marks the beginning of the Islamic Calendar.
  • 631 AD- The death of Prophet Mohammad.
  • 641 AD- Muslims conquer Persia in the Battle of Nehawand
  • 674-678 AD- First Islamic attacks on Constantinople fails
  • 711 AD- Muslims invade Spain and it marks the beginning of Muslim rule in Iberian Peninsula

  • 718 AD- Second Muslim attack on Constantinople failed.
  • 732 AD- Franks defeat Muslims in the Battle of Tours and check their advance in Europe.
  • 750 AD- Marks the start of the longest Caliphate named as Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 768 AD- Charlemagne’s reign begins as the King of Franks.
  • 800-814 AD- Charlemagne is crowned the Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III

  • 835 AD- Marks the beginning of invasion of Northern Europe by the Vikings from Scandinavian Islands.
  • 843 AD- Treaty of Verdun is signed between the three grandchildren of Charlemagne separating Holy Roman Empire and France.
  • 871-899 AD- Alfred the Great becomes the first king of united England. New laws are formed and religion as well as education experience revival.
  • 896 AD- Alfred the Great defeats and sends back Vikings from England.
  • 919 AD- Henry 1 assumes the throne becoming the founder of the medieval German State.
  • 955 AD- Otto the Great, son of Henry 1, defeats Magyars in the Battle of Lechfeld. This defining battle prevents the advance of Hungarians in Central Europe.
  • 962 AD- Otto the Great crowned the Holy Roman Emperor in 40 years.
  • 989 AD- Formation of Peace and Truce movement by the Catholic Church. The first of its kind movement in the Medieval Europe for the control of society using non-violet means.
The High Middle Ages (11th Century-13th Century)
  • 1016 AD- England receives Danish King in the form of Canute the Great
  • 1049 AD- Papal throne is ascended by Pope Leo IX. This marks the beginning of the Great Schism
  • 1054 AD- East-West Schism divides the church into Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Catholicism
  • 1066 AD- French Duke, William the Conqueror conquers England after the Battle of Hastings.
  • 1067 AD- Period of church reform begins under the Pope Gregory VII
  • 1077 AD- Henry IV begs forgiveness from Pope. Holy Roman Emperor’s action helps to establish Papal rule over the European heads of states.
  • 1077 AD- Construction of Tower of London commences.
  • 1086 AD- Doomsday Book is compiled.
  • 1099 AD- First crusades begin. Muslims are defeated on orders from Pope Urban II AND Jerusalem is retaken.

  • 1100 AD- This was the peak of Medieval Warm Period.
  • 1117 AD- University of Oxford, the oldest university in United Kingdom founded.
  • 1119 AD- Order of Knights formed. Knights Templar founded.
  • 1130 AD- Antipope Anacletus II Crowns Roger II as King of Sicily. Kingdom of Sicily if formed that later defeats the Holy Roman Empire, the Papacy and Byzantine Empire later.
  • 1135 AD- England is submerged in The Anarchy.
  • 1147 AD- The Second Crusades start.
  • 1171 AD- Synod of Cashel acknowledges King Henry II’s supremacy in Ireland.
  • 1185 AD- First windmills are recorded
  • 1187 AD- Saladin recaptures Jerusalem.
  • 1189 AD- Third Crusades commence.
  • 1202 AD- Era of Forth Crusade.
  • 1206 AD- Genghis Khan elected as Khagan. Establishment of Mongol Empire.
  • 1215 AD- Fourth Lantern Council established.
  • 1272 AD- The period of Ninth Crusade.
  • 1299 AD- Ottoman Empire formed.
The Late Middle Ages (14th Century-15th Century)
  • 1337 AD- England and France begin the Hundred Year’s War for supremacy over Europe.
  • 1347 AD- Black Death spreads in all Europe killing nearly 40-50 % of population


  • 1399 AD- Richard II becomes the new King of England.
  • 1415 AD- Henry V defeats French army in the Battle of Agincourt becoming the heir of France.


A video on the Hundred Year's War. Double click on the video to enlarge screen.

  • 1429-1431 AD- Period of Joan of Arc
  • 1439 AD- Johannes Gutenberg invents Printing Press
  • 1453 AD- Ottoman Turks take over Constantinople
  • 1453 AD- Hundred Years War ends

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Daily Medieval Lessons, Activity and Homework: located below.


March 10, 2016

Middle Ages - Introduction and Maps

Below is the study guide for the Middle Ages. Students will not be required to make vocabulary cards because of the amount of content. However, it is encouraged to use to study/review materials.

Below is a map of Europe during the Middle Ages. It turned out to be a poor copy.

Below are maps in a larger version to assist you.

Step #1 - Copy homework into agenda. Check that you have a study guide and a map of the Middle Ages.

Step #2 - Watch the video introduction of the Middle Ages

Step #3 - Complete the following located below.

—1. Color Medieval Maps……Neatly! Examples: on wiki page and on back wall.—2. Finished – Check with me.—3. Complete Maps Questions.—A.D. 500 – What was the name of kingdom between the Kingdom of the Franks and the Kingdom of the Ostrogoths?—A.D. 1300 – What body of water separates England and Denmark?—A.D. 1500 - Name two places that are located inside of the Holy Roman Empire.—A.D. 1500 – What empire took over the land of the Byzantine Empire?—A.D. 1000 – What area of land is located inside the West Frankish Kingdom?—A.D. 1300 – Name three countries/areas located to the East of the Holy Roman Empire.—4. Finished – Check with me.



March 11, 2016

Middle Ages: Vocabulary

Step #1 - Students will complete map and map questions. Those who are finished will work on making reviews with the Medieval Vocabulary

Step #2 - Students will focus on the Medieval Vocabulary by participating in a Jeopardy Game. Study Guide, dry-erase boards and markers will be required.

Step #3 - students will complete a review on Medieval Vocabulary.

Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday

March 14, 15, and 16, 2016

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Step #1

Complete timeline on the Middle Ages. Include the following: name of event, date of event, and main idea of the event. Events are: Dark Ages, Charlemagne, Vikings, Norman Invasion, Crusades, Magna Carta, Hundred Year's War, and Black Death

Step #2

Make a graphic organizer for EQ#1 - How did power and social class impact Medieval Society. Add the following to the answer section: Castles & Lords, Castle Design, Feudalism, Serfs, Knights, Religion, Cathedrals, Clergy, and Church Power?

Discuss from video and add to graphic organizer.

Living History: Living in Medieval Europe [22:39]

Step #3

Feudalism Simulation Activity. Copy Feudalism Chart into your graphic organizer.

Step #4

Complete questions post-activity.

1. What are your thoughts on Feudalism? What choice did you or anybody else have, based on your place on the feudal pyramid?

2. Why did Feudalism work? What are pros and cons to Feudalism?

Step #5

Wrap-Up with a video review.


Just below is the power point used to guide students. Explanations on feudalism are located on the slides.

Just below is the video clip on feudalism.

Homework: review your notes, maps, study guide.



March 17, 2016

Middle Ages: Feudalism

Step#1 -

Review Feudalism

Step #2 -

Video clip reviewing Feudalism

Step #3 -

You decide... Feudalism: Good or Bad? Feudalism was the major social and political order in Medieval Europe. It developed as power passed from kings to local lords.

The goal is to make a final judgment on whether the Medieval institution of Feudalism was good or bad. To support your argument, find additional information that discuss Feudalism and its role in Medieval Society.

Use the power point located below for additional information. This power point will make a focus on struggles for power.


Friday, Monday and Tuesday

March 18, 21 and 22, 2016

Middle Ages: Feudal Society=Judgement Day! Philosophical Chairs Dialogue

Step#1 - Please check that you have the following information on your own paper. Be sure to have specific names of people, places and events.

1. The Pope was the head of the Christian Church; he was God’s representative on earth; he could decide if you were good or bad; he could excommunicate you – kick you out of Church.
2. Pope Leo IX and the Bishop of Constantinople argued over the Pope’s power. Both men excommunicated each other; the church divided into two branches – 1054 AD.
3. Pope Gregory VII (7th) disapproved of a bishop chosen by the HolyRoman Emperor, Henry IV (4th). The Pope excommunicated Henry; who was forced to go to Rome and apologize to the Pope.
4. Philip IV, King of France, was condemned by his enemy, Pope Boniface VIII in the Catholic Church for his spending of money . Philip’s Nobles took his side and arrested the Pope Boniface VIII . The next few popes were French, and stayed in France.
5. French nobleman named William of Normandy, conquered England, defeated King Harold II of England and became King of England himself, in 1066.
6. King John of England is forced by his nobles to sign the Magna Carta in 1215, which limited the kings power.

7. King Edward I of England, called for a meeting of people from different parts of England. Their job was to advise him and help him make laws. This group is a parliament. – law making body.
8. French King Philip IV (4th) and King Edward III of England…..both were nephews of King Charles IV, as well as being grandsons of previous French kings, fought over control of France in the Hundred Year’s War!
9. Joan of Arc, a French peasant girl, led the French King and army to defeat the English in the Hundred Year’s War.

Step #2 -

Focus: Address these two questions. Use your notes on Feudalism and issues between individuals in Feudal society to answer each question. You need a minimum of 3 - 5 supporting details for each answer.

Was Feudalism Good Or Bad?

Who was the most powerful group/person/organization in Feudal Society?

Step#3 -

Form groups supporting each view. Use facts to back up your opinion. Organized class debate on the Medieval Feudal Society.

Step#4 -

Vote to decide which argument was more persuasive. Complete Reflections Questions

Below is a cathedral built in the Middle Ages. Many were built in the shape of a cross. Inside was beautifully decorated with stained-glass windows and paintings of scenes from the Bible on the walls.



King Richard the Lionhearted of England.


March 23, 2016

Middle Ages: The Crusades

Step #1:

On a loose-leaf sheet of notebook paper, make a graphic organizer. The title is Crusades. In the question section please write the following: Why would Europeans follow the command of the Pope to go on a Crusade? How has life changed for the Europeans as a result of the Crusades?

Step #2:

Please read the information and add to your graphic organizer as needed.

Europeans were called upon by Pope Urban II, in 1095 AD, to "take up the cross", or go on a Crusade. The Muslim Turks has taken control of the Holy Land. The Byzantine Emperor, an enemy of the Catholic Church, requested help from western Europe. Now that Muslims had control of the Holy Land, pilgrims (people on religious journeys) were being attacked, robbed and even killed. However, this plan backfired, because the Muslims realized they were losing lots of money by the loss of pilgrims to the Holy Land. Unfortunately, the damage was already done! Pope Urban II said it was time for the Christians to take back the Holy Land.

Many Europeans were VERY willing to "take on the cross". Why? Simple......

1. Christian duty; and the pope said so.

2. Wealth, glory, land and power.

3. Go on an adventure and become a legendary hero.

4. Pope says, "If you die in battle you go straight to Heaven."

5. Pope says, "Your sins can be forgiven much easier/faster if you go."

6. Pope says, "Killing a non-Christian is not a sin."

7. "God wills it" - God wants this done!

Step #3 -

Please watch the video clip title - Crusades to the Middle East. It is 7 minutes and 37 seconds. Add information to your graphic organizer as needed.

World History: The Medieval Era

Full Video [47:37]

Watch the section titled - Crusades to the Middle East [7:37]. It begins at [14:37] and ends at [22:23]

Map of the Holy Land.

Step#4 -

Now it is time to focus on the results/outcomes of the Crusades. Watch the video clip below, it is less than 2 minutes. Also, review the information below the video clip. Add information to your graphic organizer as needed.

Life After the Crusades

  • Video Segment
  • [01:41]

After the Crusades, creative ideas, education, and improved trade and economy helped ease religious tensions. Famine, the 100 Years War, and the Bubonic Plague further weakened European populations at the close of the Middle Ages.


1. The Holy Land remained under Muslim Turk control. However, pilgrims could still travel.

2. Europeans learned how to build better ships and draw more accurate maps.

A. The desire for travel, trade, etc. increased.

3. Ancient Greek & Roman trade routes opened; increasing trade; access to the Silk Road!

A. Towns and cities grew

B. Jobs increased

C. Peasants leaving manors/fiefs

D. Middle Class grew - merchants, traders, craftspeople, etc.....the merchants and bankers on the Italian Peninsula became VERY wealthy. The port cities of Venice and Genoa controlled trade in the Mediterranean Sea....they had loaned money and boats to the Crusaders.

E. The Black Death - killed 1/3rd of population

F. Knowledge and Products from the Muslims reached Europeans - the preserved knowledge of the ancient world (books, weapons, architecture, technology, etc.), silks, cotton/cloth, spices, foods

4. Feudalism Declined

A. The power of feudal lords/vassals/knights declined as they spent money on weapons and supplies; many died in battle

B. The kings' power increased because they had control of some land, including the lords land, as well as the death of the nobles or because of their loss of power in general

C. Peasants left the manors/fiefs to search for a "better" life.

5. Religious "Issues:

A. Distrust between Christians and Muslims

B. Crusaders attacked/killed Jews on their way to the Holy land

C. Crusaders attacked the Christian city of Constantinople in the Byzantine Empire


Step #5 -

Check this out

This is a video from Youtube - History Teacher on the Crusades......Check it out!

Middle Ages for //Kids// - //Crusades// - Mr. Donn‎
Middle Ages for //Kids//: //Crusades// - Ducksters‎
//CRUSADERS FOR KIDS//, INC. | Facebook › ... › Medieval HistoryHigh Middle Ages‎
//Crusades// Basics - Medieval History -



Monday and Tuesday

April 4 and 5, 2016

Middle Ages: High/Late Middle Ages

Step #1:

Complete two reviews on school net. Feudal Society

GE5JU4; and Crusades = VU9GY4GE9.=

Step #2:

1. Get out Crusades graphic Organizer. Please add this

Life in the High and Late Middle Ages = to the question = How has life changed for the Europeans as a result of the Crusades?=

2. Review and read the effects of the Crusades by focusing on the High and Late Middle Ages - [information located below in blue]. Please add new information to your graphic organizer, where you added High and late Middle Ages to the question, How has life changed for the Europeans as a result of the Crusades? If you need more room, add to the back, or on another sheet of paper.

During the High Middle Ages (1000–1300), the economy of Europe began to get stronger. Farms yielded more crops, more people became prosperous, and the population grew significantly. Soon a merchant class began to arise.

These merchants began traveling farther in search of goods to trade. Trade routes developed along rivers, and main thoroughfares and towns sprang up along these routes. These towns were also populated by peasants who, because of the improved economic conditions, were able to save money and leave their manors. There they often found work as craftspeople or merchants. Other peasants started their own farms near towns in order to provide food for the increasing populations.

As competition among local business people grew, tradespeople and crafts people created their own guilds, or business associations. Similar to modern trade unions, a guild protected workers' rights, set wages and prices, and settled disputes. Membership in a guild was also a common requirement for citizens who sought one of the few elective public political positions.

This movement of peasants from manors to towns caused the system of manorialism (peasants working the Lords' land) to break apart and feudalism to weaken. The economic revival caused by improved agriculture and trade gave lords more access to money, which allowed them to pay for services rather than sacrificing control of their lands by offering fiefs. The economic recovery also made kings wealthier. Because of this, kings hired powerful armies, gained control over their lords, and established control over larger areas of their kingdoms. The royal armies often had access to the newest weapons, such as pikes and longbows, which gave them an advantage over an army of knights. Also, kings gained the support of middle-class people such as merchants and craftspeople. These people agreed to pay taxes to the king in return for protection and good government.

During the Late Middle Ages (1300–1500), many kingdoms continued to increase in size and power and eventually formed into nation-states. A nation-state is an independent country united under one government and linked by a common culture and language. During the Late Middle Ages, four powerful kingdoms developed into nation-states—England, France, Spain, and Russia.

[The above information may be obtained from this link below].

Step #3:

History through Literature: Chivalry and Commerce: The Late Middle Ages

  • The Full Video is [24:46]. Please watch the first 18 minutes of the video. The link is located below. Remember, to access through schoolnet if needed.

Step #4:

Explain how society, politics, religion and education/literature was transformed after the Crusades during the High/Late Middle Ages.

Complete the activity from Discovery Education.Com. Investigation: Historical Perspectives

Medieval Society

Your mission is to get to know four individuals who might have lived in medieval Europe and explore the perspectives each would have had on key issues of the day.


April 6, 2016

Middle Ages: Black Death


Modern Day images of people infected with the Bubonic Plague

Step#1 -Make a graphic organizer for EQ #2

Plague Doctor
Plague Doctor

Plague Doctors covered all exposed skin in the hopes of preventing becoming ill.
Plague Doctors covered all exposed skin in the hopes of preventing becoming ill.
Image result for bubonic plague
Image result for bubonic plague

Step #2 - Go to Use the Social Studies TechBook to learn about the Black Death.

The link to the starting page is just below (in orange), however, if you have any problems

Unit 5 - Chapter 17 - Lesson 17.2 - How did the Black Death spark social, political and economic change throughout Europe?=

You need to answer each question that is located at the top of each page. There are 6 pages

so this equals 6 questions.=

Image result for bubonic plague
Image result for bubonic plague

external image aldgate-plague_3088469c.jpg

Step #3 - Watch the video - add information to your graphic organizer as needed.

Below is a video from on the Black Death. It is just under 8 minutes. Double Click on the video to enlarge.

Map showing routes of Black Death

Step #4 -Read the articles, located below, on the Plague.

1. Below is a link to an article regarding the Black Death. The discovery of a pit filled with skeletons, lead to testing. This testing was able to determine the time and means of death.

2. Why hasn't the US eradicated the plague? - BBC News


Oct 15, 2015 - The Black Death caused about 50 million deaths across Africa, Asia and ... More than 80% of US cases have been bubonic plague, the most ...


3.15 cases of human plague this year, CDC says -

Oct 22, 2015 - Atlanta (CNN) Fifteen people have been infected with bubonic plague so far this year in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention told CNN. Four of those cases were fatal. That's four more cases and one more death than the CDC previously reported

4. Suspected London 'plague pit' found in Crossrail dig - CNN ...


Aug 12, 2015 - Possible 1665 'plague pit' latest unearthed link to London's storied past .... excavations in London are the largest archeology project in Britain, ...

Step #5 - This web site below will take you to the HistoryTeacher Video on the Black Death

<iframe width="420" height="315" src="" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>?rel=0


April 7, 2016

Middle Ages: Black Death

Step #1 - Complete

Social Studies 6 Unit 10 Middle Ages Late Middle Ages 2015-2016

Online Passcode: XU7QY2CA

Step #2 - Complete

Complete the activities from yesterday


April 8, 2016

Middle Ages: Black Death

Step #1 - Complete Black Death Review on School Net. Code


Step #2 - Make a graphic organizer to go with the reading - The Plague by Tod Olson. The reading will be read aloud by the teacher. Students will add key words to the list as they listen. Also, students will add a visual/symbols that they feel best represents the reading. Once completed, students will write a summary, using the new terms, about the topic they learned.

The Black Death (Simulation) - Living in Medieval Europe

Afterward, the teacher will use a Black Death simulation to teach students about ... it only involves the bubonic plague and uses paper squares, instead of beans.


April 11, 2016

Middle Ages:

Step #1 -

1.Finish the summary and visual from the reading on Friday.

Complete schoolnet review on Friday’s reading Social Studies

6 Unit 10 Middle Ages The Plague Reading 2015-2016 Online

Passcode: TU7KU7JU4

A copy of the reading is located below.

Step #2 -

Read – Call the Doctor from DE.

Step #3 -

3. Complete schoolnet review from the reading.
Step #4-

4. Black Death Simulation Activity.


April 12, 2016

Middle Ages:


April 13, 2016

Middle Ages: Test Day

Middle Ages for //Kids//: A //Knight's// Armor and Weapons › HistoryMiddle Ages for Kids

Middle Ages for //Kids//: Becoming a Medieval //Knight// - Ducksters › History › Middle Ages for Kids

Middle Ages for //Kids//: History of the Medieval //Knight// › HistoryMiddle Ages for Kids


Middle Ages for //Kids// - //Knights//, Squires, Pages‎

//Knights// - Activity Village

A Day of //Knights// | Librarypoint

//Knights// & Castles | //KIDS// DISCOVER

Castle Defences - Facts about //Castles for kids//


Spotlight: //Castles// - //KIDS// DISCOVER‎

Middle Ages for //Kids// - Medieval //Castles//‎

Middle Ages for //Kids//: //Castles// - Ducksters › HistoryMiddle Ages for Kids

//Castle// View - //Kids// on the Net‎

//Castle Kids// - Castles on the Web

Middle Ages for //Kids//: Knight's //Coat of Arms// - Ducksters › HistoryMiddle Ages for Kids

Middle Ages for //Kids// - //Coat of Arms//, Shields, Heraldry


Design Your Own //Coat of Arms//: a Social Studies Lesson **...**‎

//coat of arms// (heraldry) -- Encyclopedia Britannica‎


Medieval Illuminated Manuscript - Word with large visual.

Tuesday and Wednesday

April 21 and 22, 2015

Middle Ages: Illuminated Manuscripts

Welcome! You will wrap-up your study of Medieval Europe by creating your own Illuminated Manuscript. On Tuesday (B-Day) and Wednesday (A-Day) you will travel back to 13th Century Europe. For a brief period of time you will enter a darkened scriptorium working as both a scribe and an illuminator.

While you create your Illuminated Manuscript (you will do this in class on Tuesday or Wednesday) - you will enjoy some "traditional" food items from Medieval Europe. Offered are: pretzels and ginger snaps; grape juice, root beer, or ginger ale. To prepare you for this day, you need to complete the following steps.

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Steps necessary for Illuminated Manuscripts

1. Read the pdf below that is titled: Middle-Ages-Illuminated-Manuscript-Packet. This packet will introduce you to Illuminated Manuscripts.

2. Determine whether you will create your manuscript completely from scratch or if you will need "starter sets" - which you can check out below. Feel free to print what you would like. Also, feel free to mix and match all you like. Regardless, copies and plain white paper will be provided for you to make the manuscript in class on Tuesday or Wednesday.

3. Choose ONE topic/question to use for your manuscript. Feel free to mix and match. Also, if you have a different idea - please speak with me before the day of the Illuminated Manuscripts. Feel free to go ahead and complete a rough draft or graphic organizer on the topic/question (optional of course). Topics/Questions are as followed:

How does Medieval Europe compare and/or contrast with the ancient world?

What role did the Christian Church play in the lives of Europeans?

How did the Vikings impact society?

If I could be anyone in Medieval Europe - I would be . Why?

How effective (how well did they work) were the Crusades?

Were the Crusades a just (write or wrong) cause?

Why was feudalism necessary (needed) during the Middle Ages?

What changes to feudal society would you recommend? Why?

What makes Charlemagne important to European history?

The most exciting events of the Middle Ages are: _. Why?

If I could prevent fighting between kings and popes, I would.....?

How does the Middle Ages continue to impact modern society?

Who was more powerful? Kings or Popes.

What are the three most important concepts (topics one should know) of the Middle Ages?

If I could give women a more active role in Medieval Europe I would.....?

What changes to the Christian Church would you recommend? Why?

How did the Black Death impact Europe?

4. Read the rubric so you know the directions. I will provide you with a copy.

5. On a notecard/paper - write your topic/question down. Include any ideas/examples to assist you on the day of creation - this may include the graphic organizer or rough draft. You will not be allowed into the Scriptorium without it!

6. Bring your art supplies to class: markers, colored pencils, crayons, pens, pencils, etc.

7. Be prepared to take your vow of silence for Tuesday or Wednesday.......Scriptoriums were quiet places for learning and reflection. Clergymen (men and women who were members of the Christian Church) focused on their work and could not have any distractions getting in their way.

Before you enter enter the Scriptorium, it is vital (very important) that you take a vow of silence (no speaking at all for any reason). This ensures all will focus on their work! Clergy who did not follow the rules were kicked out and shunned from society..........

Rubric - you must have all of the following components in your product. This is an informal grade. Due date: A-day (May 8th) and B-day (May 9th)

A. Color - duh! It is an Illuminated (colorful) Manuscript.

B. Neat/Effort - stick people are fine - do not stress over your artistic ability.

C. No pencil in final product - you may go over in pen, colored pencils, marker, etc.

D. 2 Paragraphs (at least 5 sentences per paragraph).

E. 3 detailed examples supporting topic/question.

F. 1 large illuminated letter.

G. A decorative border or 3 smaller illuminated letters or a colorful visual/symbol relating to the topic.

Below is a great source to assist you in learning the purpose of Illuminated manuscripts.

Starter Sets

Website with Illumination Ideas

//Free Printable Borders// - Karen's Whimsy‎

Medieval Illuminated Manuscript - Monk harvesting grain.


Medieval Illuminated Manuscript - Psalm of David.


Homework: Study for assessment......Feudal Society Project Due next class.

Thursday and Friday

April 23 and 24, 2015

Middle Ages: Assessment