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The Islamic World _

Assignments and homework are located on the bottom of this page. __


The following PDF files located below can assist in your study of the Islamic World.

12.1 The Roots of Islam.pdf
12.1 The Roots of Islam.pdf

12.1 The Roots of Islam.pdf

12.2 Islamic Beliefs and Practices.pdf
12.2 Islamic Beliefs and Practices.pdf
12.2 Islamic Beliefs and Practices.pdf

12.3 Islamic Empires.pdf
12.3 Islamic Empires.pdf
12.3 Islamic Empires.pdf

12.4 Cultural Achievements.pdf
12.4 Cultural Achievements.pdf
12.4 Cultural Achievements.pdf


Below are websites which can assist in your study of the Islamic World.

Islam - World Religions for Kids - Google Sites

Islamic-World.Net - Special Muslim Children's section of Khalifah ...
Islam - World History For Kids - By


What is Islam?


Islam is the second most popular religion in the world with over a thousand million followers. It is more often thought of as a complete way of life rather than a religion.
Islam began in Arabia and was revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Those who follow Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe that there is only one God, called Allah.
Islam is mainly followed in the Middle East, Asia, and the north of Africa.

//Islam// (Muslim) for //Kids// - Woodlands Resources Islam .htm

The below information is located on the website above.

Who is the founder of Islam?

The prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him ), who was born in A.D. 570 at Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, is often regarded as the founder of Islam. He was the last prophet to be sent by Allah. However the first prophet was Adam.
There were many prophets before Muhammad (pbuh) including: Adam, Noah, Abraham (Ibrahim), Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses (Musa), Aaron, David, Solomon, Elias, Jonah, John the Baptist, and Jesus (Isa), peace be upon them.
(peace be upon him - Muhammad is so revered that it is usual to make this statement every time his name is mentioned)

What does Islam mean?

The Arabic word 'Islam' means submission and obedience, and derives from a word meaning 'peace'.

What is Islam based on?

Islam is based on the ministry of a man named Muhammad (peace be upon him), and on the words that Allah gave to the world through Muhammad.

(NB. Muhammad is so esteemed by Muslims that it is usual to utter the blessing "peace be upon him" after his name.)

What or who is a Muslim?

A Muslim is a follower of the religion of Islam.

What do Muslims believe?

The basic belief of Islam is that there is only one God, whose name in the Arabic language is Allah, and who is the sole and sovereign ruler of the universe.

Muslims have 6 main beliefs

  1. Belief in Allah as the one and only God. The same God in the religions of Judaism and Christianity.
  2. Belief in angels .
  3. Belief in the holy books .
  4. Belief in the Prophets (special messengers).
    e.g. Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
    Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the final prophet.
  5. Belief in the Day of Judgement ...
    The day when the life of every human being will be assessed to decide whether they go to heaven or hell.
  6. Belief in Predestination ...
    That Allah has already decided what will happen.
    Muslims believe that this doesn't stop human beings making free choices

Who or what is Allah?

Allah is the name Muslims use for the supreme and unique God, who created and rules everything. The heart of faith for all Muslims is obedience to Allah's will.

Who is Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

Muhammad (pbuh) was born around 570 A.D. in the city of Mecca on the Arabian peninsula. Muslims believe that Muhammad (pbuh) is the last in a line of prophets that includes Moses, Abraham, and Isa (Jesus). Muhammad (pbuh) proclaimed that the Quran was the last Book of God, and that he himself was the last Prophet.
The Qur'an is a record of the exact words revealed by Allah through the Arch Angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Muhammad (pbuh) memorized and wrote down the words.
Muhammad (pbuh) interpreted the words in his daily life. Therefore many of the things which Muhammad (pbuh) did and said were remembered and carefully recorded. The stories and sayings help Muslims to understand the Quran and put what it teaches into practice in their daily lives.

What is the holy book of Islam called?

external image quran.gif
external image quran.gif
The Muslim scripture is the Holy Qur'an . Muslims believe it is 'the word of God'. Muslim beliefs and practices are rooted in the Qur'an.
Muslims treat the Qur'an with great respect because they believe that the Qur'an is from Allah, and every word and every letter is sacred. It is usually placed on a special wooden stand to be read.
Muslims regard the Qur'an as the unaltered word of God.

external image mosque.jpg
external image mosque.jpg
Where do Muslims worship?

The Muslim building for communal worship is called a mosque . Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid . The word comes from the Arabic for "place of prostration".
Very often Mosques have a domed roof and a tall tower called a minaret . Muslims are called to prayer from the minaret. The man who who enters the minaret and calls them to prayer is called a muezzin.
In Britain , calling Muslims to pray this way is not allowed, so some Islamic communities broadcast the call to prayer on a radio frequency which Muslims can pick up in their homes and places of work using a small receiver.
There are no pictures or statues in a mosque. They are decorated with patterns and words from the Qur'an . There is also very little furniture inside because Muslims use prayer mats for prayer.
When people go into the mosque they take off their shoes . This is to keep it clean for prayer.
There is often a fountain or pool, or at least an area with water where people can wash ( wudu ). Muslim wash their hands, mouth, throat, nose, ears, arms up to the elbow and feet. This is a sacred wash that symbolises spiritual cleansing and purity in readiness for coming before God.
There is always a quibla wall in a Mosque which is the one facing Makkah (Mecca), it has an empty arch to signify the direction. It is important that Muslims always know the direction of Mecca. ( see pray )
Women do not pray in the same place as men, there is usually a screened off area for them.
When are services held?
Services are held every day at the Mosque.
When is the most important service at the Mosque held?
On Friday at noon . All Muslims go to the mosque on Friday. Is a special day for prayer.

Find out more

What are the five Pillars of Islam?

These are five duties that every Muslim is obliged to perform. The five pillars of Islam help Muslims put their faith into action.

external image pray.jpg
external image pray.jpg
What is so special about how Muslims pray?

Muslims are required to :
  • pray five times a day (prayer times are fixed by the sun and change daily),
  • wash themselves before prayer and
  • face in the direction of Mecca (Mekkah) while praying.
Why do Muslims face Mecca when praying?
Mecca or Makkah is the birthplace of prophet Muhammad, peace is on him. In the center of the mosque in Mecca, is the cube-shaped building called a Kaaba (Ka'bah) is found. All Muslims face the direction of the Kaaba during ritual prayer (Salat).
Muslims believe that the Kaaba is the holiest place on earth. It is generally thought to have been built by Prophet Abraham. It is used only as a focal point for prayer (not worshiped) and simply signifies a direction, imposed by God to maintain unity and uniformity among worshipers.
The Kaaba is draped with a black cloth, which is covered with Koranic verses that are embroidered in gold and silver thread. During performing the Hajj ceremony a Muslim walks seven times around the Kaaba and then he or she kisses and touch the Black Stone.
Every Muslim family, no matter where they live, knows what direction the Kaaba is from their house.
(The Kaaba is also called Bakka )
When do Muslims pray?
Each period for prayer has a special name and each time is separated by two hours.

These essential times are:
  1. After first light and before sunrise ( Fajr )
  2. Between the sun reaching its height and mid-afternoon ( Dhuhr )
  3. Between mid-afternoon and sunset ( Asr )
  4. After the sun has finished setting ( Maghrib )
  5. In the dark of the night ( Isha )

What are the different types of Muslims?

Almost 90% of Muslims are Sunnis. Shiites are the second-largest group. The Shiites split from the Sunnis in 632 when Muhammad died.

What are the main Muslim Festivals?

The Muslim year is based on Lunar calendar.
Ramadan (Ramadhan)

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and a time when Muslims across the world will fast (do not eat) during the hours of daylight.
The Muslim year is a lunar (moon) year, so Ramadan moves forward by ten or eleven days each year. The day Ramadan begins is decided by the sighting of the new moon.
Muslims believe that the gates of Heaven (Jannah) are open and the gates of Hell (Jahanam) are locked for the duration of Ramadan.
During Ramadan, Muslims celebrate the time when the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Ramadan is a time of worship and contemplation. A time to strengthen family and community ties.
Every Muslim is expected to fast from sunrise to sunset. Muslims must not eat or drink during daylight hours. During Ramadan Muslims get up early before dawn ( Fajr ) and have a light meal. This time is known as Suhoor .
At the end of each day ( Maghrib ), Muslims traditionally break their fast with a meal called the iftar . Following the custom of Prophet Muhammad, the fast is often broken with dates, then followed by a prayer and dinner.
Ramadan concludes with the celebration of Eid al-Fitr.
Eid-ul-Fitr (Id-ul-Fitr)- The festival for the first day after Ramadan.

Eid-ul-Fitr marks the breaking of the fast for Muslims at the end of Ramadan. Lasting three days, it is a time for family and friends to get together, for celebrating with good food and presents for children, and giving to charity.
Eid-ul-Adha - The Festival of Sacrifice which occurs 70 days after Eid-al-Fitr.

Eid ul-Adha is the second most important festival in the Muslim calendar. It is to remember the time when Abraham was going to sacrifice his own son to prove obedience to God and marks the end of the , the annual pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca). It takes place on the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar.
Dhu Al-Hijja:

The month of pilgrimage during which all Muslims, at least once in their life, should try to make the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Al Hijra:

The Islamic New Year begins on the day Muhammad left Mecca to travel to Medina.

Below is a timeline of the major events in the study of the Islamic World.

570 C.E. Muhammad is born in Mecca. He comes from a noble family and is well-known for his honesty and upright character.

610 C.E. According to Muslim belief, at the age of 40, Muhammad is visited by the angel Gabriel while on retreat in a cave near Mecca. The angel recites to him the first revelations of the Quran and informs him that he is God's prophet. Later, Muhammad is told to call his people to the worship of the one God, but they react with hostility and begin to persecute him and his followers.

The Angel Gabriel speaking to Muhammad about spreading God's message. Prayer in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

622 C.E. After enduring persecution in Mecca, Muhammad and his followers migrate to the nearby town of Yathrib (later to be known as Medina), where the people there accepted Islam. This marks the "hijrah" or "emigration," and the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Medina, Muhammad establishes an Islamic state based on the laws revealed in the Quran and the inspired guidance coming to him from God. Eventually he begins to invite other tribes and nations to Islam.

630 C.E. Muhammad returns to Mecca with a large number of his followers. He enters the city peacefully, and eventually all its citizens accept Islam. The prophet clears the idols and images out of the Kaaba and rededicates it to the worship of God alone.

633 C.E. Muhammad dies after a prolonged illness. The Muslim community elects his father-in-law and close associate, Abu Bakr, as caliph, or successor.

This symbol says Muhammad in the Arabic Language.

638 C.E. Muslims enter the area north of Arabia, known as "Sham," including Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Iraq.

641 C.E. Muslims enter Egypt and rout the Byzantine army. Muslims consider their conquest as the liberation of subjugated people, since in most instances they were under oppressive rule.

655 C.E. Islam begins to spread throughout North Africa.

The Koran, or Qu'ran, the holy book of Muslims.

661 C.E. Imam Ali is killed, bringing to an end the rule of the four "righteous caliphs": Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This also marks the beginning of the Umayyad rule.

711 C.E. Muslims enter Spain in the west and India in the east. Eventually almost the entire Iberian Peninsula is under Islamic control.


Cordoba, Spain. Former Mosque, house of worship, now a Christian Cathedral.

732 C.E. Muslims are defeated at Potiers in France by Charles Martel.

750 C.E. The Abbasids take over rule from the Umayyads, shifting the seat of power to Baghdad.

1000 C.E. Islam continues to spread through the continent of Africa, including Nigeria, which served as a trading liaison between the northern and central regions of Africa.

1099 C.E. European Crusaders take Jerusalem from the Muslims. Eventually Muslims defeat the Crusaders and regain control of the holy land.

Christian knights fighting Muslim forces.

Map of the Crusades.

1120 C.E. Islam continues to spread throughout Asia. Malaysian traders interact with Muslims who teach them about Islam.

1299 C.E. The earliest Ottoman state is formed in Anatolia, Turkey.

1453 C.E. Ottomans conquer the Byzantine seat of Constantinople and change its name to Istanbul.


The crescent moon is the symbol for the Islamic Religion .

Below are the assignments and activities students will complete in their study of the Islamic World.


March 2, 2016



Step #1 - Make a new section in your binder for the Islamic World

Step#2 - Be sure to have a study guide and a map

Step #3 - Complete vocabulary cards - terms, definitions and characteristics

Step #4 - Complete map of the Islamic World



March 3, 2016

Islam: Introduction Video

Step #1 -

Copy homework into agenda

Make a graphic organizer with four parts. The title is the EQ - How did Islam emerge and spread throughout the world? The four parts are: definition, comparison to other religions, beliefs and Impact/Achievements.

Step#2 -

Watch the video below. Stop periodically, discuss and add information to the graphic organizer. Discuss as a whole group. Continue the video


Let's Look at World Religions: Islam [21:58]

Step#3 -

Review information in a whole group format. Using the PEAK activity - use dry-erase boards to complete the following:

1. In one minute, write everything down about Islam.

2. Moving around the class, discuss the topics, add new information as needed.

3. Return to seats and discuss as a group, add to the board.

4. Individually, choose the 3 main topics about Islam.

5. As a group, discuss and choose the 3 main topics of Islam.

6. Write the 3 topics on the sticky note and place on the big cabinet.

March 4, 2016


Islam: Compare and Contrast to Judaism and Christianity

Step #1 -

Get out your vocabulary, map and graphic organizer. Complete two review on Islam.

1.Islam Review 1 = KE4LU9CY; Islam Review 2 = BA3BY6S

Step #2 -

Compare and Contrast Islam with Judaism and Christianity. Find three examples for each. Individually, Small Group and then whole class discussion. Use the links and charts below to assist you.

Complete the group activity where you match up the religion with its component. Once completed, the group should have a completed chart on the similarities and differences of Islam, Judaism and Christianity.

Step #3 - Complete the activity below.

The world has and is facing struggles between Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Take your knowledge on the monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and come up with solutions to the world struggles.
1. Find an example of problems with these world religions – any time period. Ideas = (Persecution of Jews by Christians, the Crusades, the Reconquista, the Inquisition, Israel vs. Palestine, control over Jerusalem, ISIS, the Taliban vs. the U.S., etc.)2. What was the effect/solution to this problem?3. Evaluate (judge) this problem and solution/effect. How effective was the solution? Would you make any changes? Why or why not? What can be done to prevent further issues?

The links below can provide information on how the three religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam are similar and different.







March 7, 2016


Islam: Moors

Step #1 -
Finish the activity from Friday......about 15 minutes.

Step #2 -
Complete a review on schoolnet.......
Islam 3 Review = DE9DU9F

Step #3 -



Mediterranean Europe – The Moors.pptx
Mediterranean Europe – The Moors.pptx
Mediterranean Europe – The Moors.pptx

Culture and Math: The Moors of Spain

The Moors and Mecca
The Alhambra of Spain


March 8, 2016



Step #1 -

Working with your group, match-up the terms with the appropriate religions and categories.

Step #2 -

Complete the review on Islamic Vocabulary

Social Studies 6 Unit 9 Islam Vocabulary Review 2015-2016 [936660]

Online Passcode: CU3HA5LU

Step #3 -

Step #4 -

Step #5 -


March 9, 2016


Islam: Test Day

Step #1 - Students will complete their assessment of the Islamic World.

Step #2 - Complete Ancient Rome Test corrections of Test Autopsy....if needed.

Step #3 - Students complete Medieval Vocabulary and/or Medieval Map