Early Human Beginnings___

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Directions: For homework and assignments scroll down to the bottom of the page. The information location at the beginning of this page is intended to provide enrichment and additional information to assist you in the learning of this unit.

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Olduvai Gorge in the Great Rift Valley

Olduvai Gorge or Oldupai Gorge is one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world and has been instrumental in furthering the understanding of early human evolution.......Scientists believe that early man began in this area.

Homo habilis is thought to have occupied the site from 1.9 to 1.2 million years ago. Paranthropus boisei was found to occupy the site from approximately 1.8 million years ago until 1.2 million years ago. Homo erectus remains were found and dated at the site from 1.2 million years ago until 700,000 years ago. Homo sapiens came to occupy the gorge 17,000 years ago.
Information obtained from wikipedia.com
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Louis and Mary Leakey

Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey (L.S.B. Leakey) (7 August 1903 – 1 October 1972) was a British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist whose work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in Africa, particularly through his discoveries in the Olduvai Gorge.

Mary Leakey (6 February 1913–9 December 1996) was a British paleoanthropologist who discovered the first fossilized Proconsul skull, an extinct ape now believed to be ancestral to humans. She also discovered the robust Zinjanthropus skull at Olduvai Gorge. For much of her career she worked with her husband, Louis Leakey, in the Olduvai Gorge, in eastern Africa, uncovering the tools and fossils of ancient hominines. Leakey developed a system for classifying the stone tools found at Olduvai. She discovered the Laetoli footprints. It was here, at the Laetoli site, that she discovered Hominin fossils that were more than 3.75 million-years-old.
During her career, Leakey discovered fifteen new species of other animals, and one new genus.
In 1972, after the death of her husband, Leakey became director of excavation at Olduvai. She helped to establish a Leakey family tradition of palaeoanthropology by training her son, Richard, in the field.
Information obtained from wikipedia.com
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Cheat Sheet: Who's Who for Early Man - From Mr. Donn

Time Period
Quick Glimpse


Did man live at the same time as dinosaurs? What is a hominid? What is an artifact? What is a fossil? Find out here!
About 3 million BCE
Australopithecus "Southern Ape"
Human-like hominids Lucy Basic traits of humans. Special because he could stand up. Main physical difference between early man and apes are the hands.
About 2 million BCE
Homo Habilis "Handy Man"
First true humans Stone tools - the first tool-maker Lived in Africa Taller, had a larger brain
About 1.5 million BCE
Homo Erectus "Upright Man"
Made and controlled fire The first hunters Traveled over land bridges from Africa, to begin to populate the world, about 1 million years ago
About 500,000 B.C.
Homo Sapiens "Wise Man" & Neanderthals

Neanderthals Buried their dead with ceremony. Stone-tipped spears, bone needles, bone fish hooks, sewed their clothes from animal skins, warm boots Buried their dead with ceremony. Stone-tipped spears, bone needles, bone fish hooks, sewed their clothes from animal skins, warm boots
About 25,000 BCE until about 10,000 BCE
Homo Sapiens Sapiens & "Moderns"

Cave Paintings Cro-Magnon & "Moderns" Bow and arrows, well constructed huts with central hearths for fires; necklaces & pendants, cave art, little statues made from ivory, antler, bone; tools and weapons for hunting and fishing, oil lamps. Used honey to sweeten food. End of the last Ice Age about 10,000 years ago.
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_Assignments and Homework for Early Humans__

Monday and Tuesday

August 28 and 29, 2017


Students were introduced to procedures and class expectations.


Wednesday and Thursday

August 30 and 31, 2017


Study Guide for Early Humans.

1. All students are expected to identify and label the oceans and continents. Watch the video below to introduce you to the oceans and continents.


2. Students color-coded their big world map. Follow the directions located below. Also, use the maps I provided per group as an example of how your map should look.

Blue - trace the rivers and trace the names of the oceans

Green - trace the names of the continents

Brown - trace the mountains

Red - trade the places you will focus on this year

3. Practice locating/identifying the oceans and the continents. Use the website - http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/World_Continents.htm Oceans and continents - tutorial; and various levels depending on skills.- to practice this skill.

Geography Helpers

Reading a Map Have you heard of a contour map? Check out this interactive and find out how to use one.

Practice with oceans, continents, etc.

//Geography games// at Play //Kids Games// .com


Symbols and Keys Discover the meaning behind map symbols and keys.

Grid References Learn to read a map grid.

http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/World_Continents.htm Oceans and continents - tutorial; and various levels depending on skills.

Scale Maps can't show things the size they are in real life so they use scale.

Please open, and read, the power point located below. It will teach you about absolute location.


Wednesday and Thursday

September 6 and 7, 2017

Geography and Early Humans

1. Students will be introduced to Early Humans. Click on the power point below and follow all directions. You will need to make a graphic organizer with four of the Essential Questions. They are located on the power point.

2. These two video clips are located on the power points. Please watch them and add to your graphic organizer.

3. These slides are located around the room. Students moved around the room reading the texts, determining the main idea, and copying the information onto their graphic organizer.

Homework:1.Complete world map if not done2.Review Materials – test: A-Day 9/14 and B-Day 9/15Warm-Up:1.Nametag on desk.2.Copy homework into agenda.3.Complete Oceans & Continent Review on schoolnet. Code: NU4FY2CU



Lascaux Cave Paintings - Lascaux France

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The link below will take you on a virtual tour of the Lascaux Cave Paintings.




Video on Otzi the Iceman.

Texts from Discovery Education.Com

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Modern-Day Nomads

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Modern-Day Hunter-Gatherers

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Early Human Migration - Homo sapiens

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Step #1. Read the information on the early "cities" of Jericho and Catal Huyuk.

By around 10,000 BC, people in West Asia were beginning to settle down in one place instead of travelling around, even though they were still hunting and gathering. Probably this was because the end of the Ice Age was making West Asia so warm and wet and fertile that people didn't need to travel around in order to get enough food anymore. They could just find enough food right where they were.

Once they were settled down, some of these people, called the Natufians (nah-TOOF-ee-uns), began to farm a little, but in a simple way. They had tame dogs. They traded with other villages for obsidian, jewels, and salt. They built stone temples for their gods. This might be the time that the Bible remembers as the Garden of Eden.

People began to build larger towns about this time. The oldest village that we know of, where archaeologists have dug up the houses people lived in, is at Jericho along the Jordan river in modern Israel. It dates to about 9000 BC.

By 8000 BC, about 2000 people lived there, in small round houses made of mud-brick, and they made clay masks, painted white, to remember people when they died. They began to use number tokens. They built a wall around their village to keep out animals and other people; their wall was twelve feet (3.6 meters) high and almost ten feet (3 meters) thick!

Jericho ( Modern Day Israel)

Although it is disputed, it is claimed Jericho may be the oldest continuously occupied city in the world, and it is also the oldest known walled city in world – around 10,000 BCE.=


Ruins of the Palace of the Biblical King Herod in the city of Jericho


Another old village is at Catal Huyuk (pronounced cha-tal-hoo-YUK), in Turkey. People built Catal Huyuk around 8000 BC. It was much bigger than Jericho. Probably by around 6000 BC, 6000 people lived there. These people knew how to spin and weave cloth and make pottery. They built mud-brick houses that you got into by climbing wooden ladders into the windows or into a trapdoor in the roof. The people of Catal Huyuk also built a big mud-brick temple for their gods, which they decorated with the heads of bulls and also with images of a young goddess, a mother goddess, and an old goddess, representing the three stages of life.

It is the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date. In July 2012, it was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Step #2 - Below is a link to an interactive site on Catal Huyuk.

Catal Huyuk - Science Museum of Minnesota


_Agrarian or Agricultural Societies - AKA - Farming___

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