Early Human Beginnings___


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSmQPYQDaSERTU3_x20tU84Pkrh6v6MvQAFcRyACXfSrPQ1zUs0gw

Directions: For homework and assignments scroll down to the bottom of the page. The information location at the beginning of this page is intended to provide enrichment and additional information to assist you in the learning of this unit.


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTAphE5Uqnz16dFAnNojN07dwH0qr04Jsf_HkvLnQv4u68EhQ-u

Olduvai Gorge in the Great Rift Valley


Olduvai Gorge or Oldupai Gorge is one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world and has been instrumental in furthering the understanding of early human evolution.......Scientists believe that early man began in this area.

Homo habilis is thought to have occupied the site from 1.9 to 1.2 million years ago. Paranthropus boisei was found to occupy the site from approximately 1.8 million years ago until 1.2 million years ago. Homo erectus remains were found and dated at the site from 1.2 million years ago until 700,000 years ago. Homo sapiens came to occupy the gorge 17,000 years ago.
Information obtained from wikipedia.com
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ2tAKCSqDJRBcjN2ItUJlgXZNum_NxaHFSlXVU8zA1h1e09-PPexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRnXC6pWuAgyxu_PcZzlX7vP4-EQfrtaV9ASfNovwAzm2ZhfK-9wwexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS0fvuYlOFVH0NNG9wfb1qjpszOjkBY8rsTeev1cGXFtCckN9bqiAexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQqIvBt5Rawzd--xs8kWPEJw2lwyCAdT-pkdLC0ULD0rMUYOiAvsgexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRMrWyKWNN_ixE7qbfpkJeflNC4umBvQpWNS28b0FwnDoA6KTvp


Louis and Mary Leakey


Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey (L.S.B. Leakey) (7 August 1903 – 1 October 1972) was a British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist whose work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in Africa, particularly through his discoveries in the Olduvai Gorge.

Mary Leakey (6 February 1913–9 December 1996) was a British paleoanthropologist who discovered the first fossilized Proconsul skull, an extinct ape now believed to be ancestral to humans. She also discovered the robust Zinjanthropus skull at Olduvai Gorge. For much of her career she worked with her husband, Louis Leakey, in the Olduvai Gorge, in eastern Africa, uncovering the tools and fossils of ancient hominines. Leakey developed a system for classifying the stone tools found at Olduvai. She discovered the Laetoli footprints. It was here, at the Laetoli site, that she discovered Hominin fossils that were more than 3.75 million-years-old.
During her career, Leakey discovered fifteen new species of other animals, and one new genus.
In 1972, after the death of her husband, Leakey became director of excavation at Olduvai. She helped to establish a Leakey family tradition of palaeoanthropology by training her son, Richard, in the field.
Information obtained from wikipedia.com
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRUL0E9qay5lUxbARo9x8D44pPIPwYehMi3iXHiNITAGZAMcvmJJQexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSv4ntjwW38sxV_P81djP5TeraTwWahIw7uDv4WlBDmiHV12CAE6gexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSDFxI8pssUpw8rKfW5phjxc9vHma0zJYO2GdCkPMAWS1g-j6BEBAexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTZaxolSYhNIE3uxVuYSioAmtiwLwtYeyrOapbIQym_QVjGre8C5wexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSdHYzAr6ahej6itsypDR_bl6HGkN2MhZaXLpgCejhaVtuAUFnd-w

Cheat Sheet: Who's Who for Early Man - From Mr. Donn

Time Period
Name
Quick Glimpse

Introduction

Did man live at the same time as dinosaurs? What is a hominid? What is an artifact? What is a fossil? Find out here!
About 3 million BCE
Australopithecus "Southern Ape"
Human-like hominids Lucy Basic traits of humans. Special because he could stand up. Main physical difference between early man and apes are the hands.
About 2 million BCE
Homo Habilis "Handy Man"
First true humans Stone tools - the first tool-maker Lived in Africa Taller, had a larger brain
About 1.5 million BCE
Homo Erectus "Upright Man"
Made and controlled fire The first hunters Traveled over land bridges from Africa, to begin to populate the world, about 1 million years ago
About 500,000 B.C.
Homo Sapiens "Wise Man" & Neanderthals

Neanderthals Buried their dead with ceremony. Stone-tipped spears, bone needles, bone fish hooks, sewed their clothes from animal skins, warm boots Buried their dead with ceremony. Stone-tipped spears, bone needles, bone fish hooks, sewed their clothes from animal skins, warm boots
About 25,000 BCE until about 10,000 BCE
Homo Sapiens Sapiens & "Moderns"

Cave Paintings Cro-Magnon & "Moderns" Bow and arrows, well constructed huts with central hearths for fires; necklaces & pendants, cave art, little statues made from ivory, antler, bone; tools and weapons for hunting and fishing, oil lamps. Used honey to sweeten food. End of the last Ice Age about 10,000 years ago.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSdAGXI5VeOwr-3UPGghFrf3T3oJ9KGoIMThnLnglR5jCbNCZ07BA

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRlA8GaJ39KKZIPAxMjv0uRxNft8mnT3VeSL-LMSaLW7hQX0C8E
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ-pIYmoah56KrOcX5ZHBM_Hyt2tzJcGY4ZajBw4goDvnAhyyPL2g

_Assignments and Homework for Early Humans__


Monday and Tuesday

August 29 and 30, 2016

Introduction

Students were introduced to procedures and class expectations.





___

Wednesday and Thursday

August 31 and September 1, 2016

Geography


1. Students were introduced to History and why people study the past. Students discussed the importance of learning about the past. Watch the video clip below to help you.


http://search.tb.ask.com/search/video.jhtml?n=781bdf79&p2=%255EUX%255Exdm423%255ES14368%255Eus&pg=video&pn=1&ptb=788F577B-92D3-44D5-9F06-C9A243B102FE&qs=&searchfor=youtube+video+why+study+history&si=49588_NEWNEW-Direction-Main&ss=sub&st=tab&tpr=sbt


2. Students then began to focus on Geography. All students are expected to identify and label the oceans and continents. Watch the video below to introduce you to the oceans and continents.


http://search.tb.ask.com/search/video.jhtml?searchfor=oceans+and+continents+music+video&n=781bdf79&p2=%255EUX%255Exdm423%255ES14368%255Eus&ptb=788F577B-92D3-44D5-9F06-C9A243B102FE&qs=&si=49588_NEWNEW-Direction-Main&ss=sub&st=tab&tpr=sbt&ts=1473035993066


3. Students color-coded their big world map. Follow the directions located below. Also, use the maps I provided per group as an example of how your map should look.

Blue - trace the rivers and trace the names of the oceans

Green - trace the names of the continents

Brown - trace the mountains

Red - trade the places you will focus on this year

___

Friday and Tuesday

September 2 and 6, 2016

Early Humans

1. Students will be introduced to Early Humans. Click on the power point below and follow all directions. You will need to make a graphic organizer with four of the Essential Questions. They are located on the power point.





2. These two video clips are located on the power points. Please watch them and add to your graphic organizer.





3. These slides are located around the room. Students moved around the room reading the texts, determining the main idea, and copying the information onto their graphic organizers.






===============================================================================================================

Geography Helpers



Reading a Map Have you heard of a contour map? Check out this interactive and find out how to use one.

Practice with oceans, continents, etc.

//Geography games// at Play //Kids Games// .com

www.playkidsgames.com/geographygames.html

Symbols and Keys Discover the meaning behind map symbols and keys.

Grid References Learn to read a map grid.

http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/World_Continents.htm Oceans and continents - tutorial; and various levels depending on skills.

Scale Maps can't show things the size they are in real life so they use scale.



Please open, and read, the power point located below. It will teach you about absolute location.





Wednesday and Thursday

September 7 and 8, 2016

Geography and Early Humans



1. Complete two reviews on Geography and Early Humans. Go to the cloud, log-in, and click on school net. Use the two passwords below to complete the reviews. Be sure to submit once completed.


Oceans & Continents

ZA7FY6=

Early Humans

TY8GE4VA8=

2. Absolute Location. Open the power point located below. Read ALL of the information.

3. Practice Absolute Location using the map on the back wall. Then move to the handout on absolute location.


4. Interactive Website

http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/earthguide/diagrams/latitude_longitude/



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Friday and Monday

September 9 and 12, 2016

Geography and Early Humans




------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





Lascaux Cave Paintings - Lascaux France

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQR3gk4fAKFDDQdBaZ5RdQQaGZtG8RQxItyOJuUsbpy2hpNcU2I
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRHj7lfAEfXrHwNMNauRtDwAaFwVxrpgqQV3OrdumQ1EvgbX7Pb
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ6HUrTOJGMfr6Q4P9k28fn7A8merrbjkvRAd4LQY5mWd4jtiL80w

The link below will take you on a virtual tour of the Lascaux Cave Paintings.

http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/?lng=en#/fr/00.xml





--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRzEig61j4P0wBuEHz-j2Ha4NG5NcOct9f2eC9BhjdEyB6BPIPhZQexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSOBOcTZzd26T835NEmkYKjYd_-N1yUaEsLxF6Cvqtm1bn0YLLkJg
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQGg4Hih9oNl1UTe7NydxNZ43TOUHF3ogIrUjpzntq19dkffHPiexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcToyw7DNH-rQ7H42uUV_TNkgq2VC_dBdV2QKw7lFaSR62MCHMWWRQ


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



The link below will take you on a virtual tour of the Lascaux Cave Paintings.

http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/?lng=en#/fr/00.xml

The link below will provide you with information on Otzi the Iceman.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oLD6VW3XlUc


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Friday and Monday

September 9 and 12, 2016

Geography and Early Humans


1. Review Absolute Location

2. Review Oceans and Continents


http://search.tb.ask.com/search/video.jhtml?searchfor=oceans+and+continents+music+video&n=781bdf79&p2=%255EUX%255Exdm423%255ES14368%255Eus&ptb=788F577B-92D3-44D5-9F06-C9A243B102FE&qs=&si=49588_NEWNEW-Direction-Main&ss=sub&st=tab&tpr=sbt&ts=1473035993066


3. Read a text on Early Humans.

Choose one of the texts from Discovery Education.com located below. After you finish the reading, complete the following, in paragraph format, on a piece of loose-leaf notebook paper =

1. What was the title of the text you read?

2. What was the text about?

3. What were three interesting parts from the text?

4. What is something you still have a question about or you are curious to know more? Why?

5. Find a word or phrase you were unfamiliar with and define it in your own words using context.

Texts from Discovery Education.Com




















external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTbpH044x0bJnnEE0bzInhkBEtvxAM_qxXQ2EX41Fot4cTkXUzWbg




Modern-Day Nomads


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSF8NSwGP_A2BMhQwEKp6LGJiLtmhrf8AzcMJGOPJk776PFcxB9Hgexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTC8oFEdpeJO1VpaP3IlQsZMr6zZQWXZqxxFQdUzNYse44UDVLJexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRGWUkNgGH9ukZRN8FpSp5kLBG54DhkGRVnibt6Udr1RE8lAA_4external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQkfyJEpw3glTyRXtLYbQ20yUtNdoAG4GNkbBVmK5AGG3vgIhMV

Modern-Day Hunter-Gatherers




external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTlPKrLvHnCWlTQvb2ApUmAdoHCKOPZo74tv_0xRC7P9TzlgjUPexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR-53pQ_ObrPkVL4BErdNRBUN_YYQKCv--23gY9M1YiV550323kqgexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSpKnJB6YwmtcICY3tW7OC8tfeEnFcrIrKQlYJ2Vab-wfybG-Ifkg

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQmJsrofIw__558fAlsGMLOWKMEIzYWz6iwv4QhVGVXYk0TcF722Qexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQNar1H0OUFIdfiPj3qnWZnY0z8Os9pZsIBRvSX8pACehbBPLZX



external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRl0kNcZ4D0BXok-l1AFVJwwNilCMtn0OOvFIWtD5pPl0uCkPEMexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQE-3LepU5ep5za_4TbvfsW7iSKkevUs6SDrsBmw6h2qc9YV3h__wexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSCbTvtUDgRNzMRXr3KR8DNeUA8LlgEvP0SWLghxrRFI_oHOu4F_Qexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTa0WfbrnTHf9hh4im2LR27_IKAXh9tgyRHOIJQIBROsYP1UAARmgexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRKLrym2mwZ2B96-W0GnwcT8aJYMcbVgPaQ9YbGw9eiVfAj1GN0iQ


Early Human Migration - Homo sapiens


external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ7hzft5nuWICytH-NyrgRRtG-LzbHH0SMRgCx6vZUnQHlu21t5external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT6ob61ETkEBo30SSGPv0A5jre1LAQ3742UyUp2ZfjFJ_mQC6UeuAexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSMqDLV-aA68F31LJwMoqbq27M-3Rq0-fCvLzL4fSHRyNwpjbOaexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQZLzkwiTBh43cASIOBXHfA1t1ti3XLIUBZoBG4sUairpufE6x_external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTzqMDy55rkbHFBtHAR97BpopUHxSDKZNZX7v28wFs2q6YgUP9Eexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTHMCcsRtieuydocv8aZ3raio3INgN6KUHh0mVUIEKC05Y5hbyu








Step #1. Read the information on the early "cities" of Jericho and Catal Huyuk.

By around 10,000 BC, people in West Asia were beginning to settle down in one place instead of travelling around, even though they were still hunting and gathering. Probably this was because the end of the Ice Age was making West Asia so warm and wet and fertile that people didn't need to travel around in order to get enough food anymore. They could just find enough food right where they were.

Once they were settled down, some of these people, called the Natufians (nah-TOOF-ee-uns), began to farm a little, but in a simple way. They had tame dogs. They traded with other villages for obsidian, jewels, and salt. They built stone temples for their gods. This might be the time that the Bible remembers as the Garden of Eden.


People began to build larger towns about this time. The oldest village that we know of, where archaeologists have dug up the houses people lived in, is at Jericho along the Jordan river in modern Israel. It dates to about 9000 BC.

By 8000 BC, about 2000 people lived there, in small round houses made of mud-brick, and they made clay masks, painted white, to remember people when they died. They began to use number tokens. They built a wall around their village to keep out animals and other people; their wall was twelve feet (3.6 meters) high and almost ten feet (3 meters) thick!



Jericho ( Modern Day Israel)

Although it is disputed, it is claimed Jericho may be the oldest continuously occupied city in the world, and it is also the oldest known walled city in world – around 10,000 BCE.=


jericho.jpg



Ruins of the Palace of the Biblical King Herod in the city of Jericho

jericho-ruinsofHerodsPalace.jpg

Another old village is at Catal Huyuk (pronounced cha-tal-hoo-YUK), in Turkey. People built Catal Huyuk around 8000 BC. It was much bigger than Jericho. Probably by around 6000 BC, 6000 people lived there. These people knew how to spin and weave cloth and make pottery. They built mud-brick houses that you got into by climbing wooden ladders into the windows or into a trapdoor in the roof. The people of Catal Huyuk also built a big mud-brick temple for their gods, which they decorated with the heads of bulls and also with images of a young goddess, a mother goddess, and an old goddess, representing the three stages of life.


It is the largest and best-preserved Neolithic site found to date. In July 2012, it was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

=
catal-huyuk.jpg





Step #2 - Below is a link to an interactive site on Catal Huyuk.

Catal Huyuk - Science Museum of Minnesota

www.smm.org/catal





_Agrarian or Agricultural Societies - AKA - Farming___

external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTbpH044x0bJnnEE0bzInhkBEtvxAM_qxXQ2EX41Fot4cTkXUzWbgexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQoAM1lK1uO6sP6YoHwSBh4IcqXa8ff228zUws5GMLwvvGeW27_1w
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS48TC1KnBjltU1qYjBGkO1Ms5HHGjuVHl9F4NKyIgXpliew2sY2wexternal image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS9ge2dslk1YZGlx23H6TlvLaGqu25dgn_9h4VE274U2CGTmOUlcg

Tuesday and Wednesday

September 13 and 14, 2016

Geography and Early Humans - Assessment

To assist you in preparing for your assessment on Early Humans; a study guide is located below. A copy has been provided for you on the first day of this unit.