Welcome to China!

Below are PDF files which can provide enrichment for students.

Map of ancient China according the ancient Chinese Dynasties


The following websites can assist you in your study of Ancient China.

**Ancient China for Kids**


**Ancient China** - Middle School History for **Kids**


History: **Ancient China for Kids** - Ducksters


**Ancient China** | **KIDS** DISCOVER


**Ancient China** | **KIDS** DISCOVER


China's Terra-Cotta Army


The Forbidden City as seen below.


History of China - Timeline

8000 - 2205 BC: Early Chinese settlers build small villages and farm along the major rivers including the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.

2696 BC: Rule of the legendary Yellow Emperor. His wife Leizu invented the process of making silk cloth.

2205 - 1575 BC: The Chinese learn how to make bronze. The Xia Dynasty becomes the first dynasty in China.

1570 - 1045 BC: Shang Dynasty


1045 - 256 BC: Zhou Dynasty


771 BC: End of the Western Zhou and beginning of the Eastern Zhou. The Spring and Autumn period begins.

551 BC: Philosopher and thinker Confucius is born.

544 BC: Sun Tzu the author of the Art of War is born.

500 BC: Cast iron is invented in China around this time. The iron plough was likely invented shortly after.

481 BC: End of the Spring and Autumn period.

403 - 221 BC: The Warring States period. During this time leaders from different areas were constantly fighting for control.

342 BC: The crossbow is first used in China.

221 - 206 BC: Qin Dynasty


221 BC: Qin Shi Huangdi becomes the first Emperor of China. He has the Great Wall of China built by extending and connecting existing walls to protect the people from the Mongols.

220 BC: The writing system of China becomes standardized by the government.

210 BC: The Terra Cotta Army is buried with Emperor Qin.

210 BC: The umbrella is invented.

206 BC - 220 AD: Han Dynasty


207 BC: The first Han Emperor, Gaozu, establishes the Chinese Civil Service to help run the government.

104 BC: Emperor Wu defines the Taichu calendar which will remain the Chinese calendar throughout history.

8 - 22 AD: The Xin Dynasty overthrows the Han Dynasty for a short period of time.

2 AD: A government census is taken. The size of the Chinese Empire is estimated at 60 million people.

105 AD: Paper is invented by Imperial court official Cai Lun.

208: Battle of Red Cliffs.

222 - 581: Six Dynasties

250: Buddhism is introduced to China.

589 - 618: Sui Dynasty

609: The Grand Canal is completed.

618 - 907: Tang Dynasty

868: Wood block printing is first used in China to print an entire book called the Diamond Sutra.

907 - 960: Five Dynasties

960 - 1279: Song Dynasty

1041: Moveable type for printing is invented.

1044: This is the earliest date that a formula for gunpowder is recorded.

1088: The first description of the magnetic compass.

1200: Genghis Khan unites the Mongol tribes under his leadership.

1271: Marco Polo begins his travels to China.

1279 - 1368: Yuan Dynasty

1279: The Mongols under Kublai Khan defeat the Song Dynasty. Kublai Khan establishes the Yuan Dynasty.

1368 - 1644: Ming Dynasty

1405: Chinese explorer Zheng He begins his first journey to India and Africa. He will establish trade relationships and bring back news of the outside world.

1405: The Chinese begin construction on the Forbidden City.

1420: Beijing becomes the new capital of the Chinese Empire replacing Nanjing.

1517: Portuguese traders first arrive in the country.

1644 - 1912: Qing Dynasty

1912: The Qing Dynasty comes to an end with the Xinhai Revolution. Communist forces take over.

terracotta warrior chin dynasty
terracotta warrior chin dynasty

-----------------Homework and Assignments Located Below----------------------------------

November 28 and 29, 2016

Monday and Tuesday

China - Geography

1. Open the power point located below. Review the EQ and vocabulary. Make a graphic organizer for EQ #1. Read the power point and complete the information in the graphic organizer. Once completed 0 check-in with Ms. Gregory.

Below is a link on youtube. It provides information regarding major physical features of China.


2. Below are the two maps on ancient China. Read the directions carefully on the bottom of both maps. We will use these maps during our study of China. Once each map is completed - check-in with Ms. Gregory.

Below are completed maps to be used as examples.

Below is a PDF file which will provide enrichment or clarification IF needed.

3. Watch the videos on the Great Wall of China and Ancient Trade on the Silk Road.

Below are video links on China's Geography.

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The Yellow River


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The Geography of China


external image 8a68805c-5303-43ea-9baf-60800ce8ef0c.jpg

The Gobi Desert


external image 5cbfd093-569f-43f0-a01a-18c23887713a.jpg

Migration Over the Himalayans


external image bdd344b3-a792-4985-9fdc-462c3c1b14c9.jpg

China's Great Wall


external image dfc4edc8-899c-4bb7-9212-0d73211e19fd.jpg

Ancient Trade on the Silk Road




Wednesday and Thursday

November 30 and December 1, 2016

China: Legalism and Qin Dynasty

Today students learned about the philosophies of ancient China. The Zhou Dynasty conquered the Shang Dynasty. They used the "Mandate of Heaven" as a means to gain power. However, by the end of the Zhou Dynasty chaos and war erupted. Leaders looked towards teachers and great thinkers for advice on how to rule China. New philosophies emerged: Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and Buddhism.

Step #1

Please complete some China Geography Review.
Social Studies 6 Unit 5 China Geography Review 2015-2016 Online Passcode: VU7SY22. Close chromebook when done, place in backpack, get out two pieces of paper, make two graphic organizers – one for EQ #2 and one for EQ #3

Step #2

Watch HistoryTeacher video on Chinese Dynasties. Add 3 facts to graphic organizer with EQ #3.

Step #3

Please watch the first 7 minutes. Add 3 new facts to your graphic organizer with EQ #3.

Step # 4

Qin Shi Huangdi - Hero or Villian

DE Social Studies Techbook

Ancient China

7.2 China's Belief Systems - Explore - Page 7

7.3 Life in Chinese Dynasties - Explore - Pages 4 and 5


This PDF can assist you on the three Chinese Philosophies.


Boundaries of Qin's Empire - 221 - 206 BCE.

Examples of Qin's Legalism Policies. Books are being burned and scholars are being buried alive!


Drawing of possible image of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi



Emperor Qin's Army for the Afterlife!


]The Terra Cotta Army of Xi'an......[2:30]

Our tour guide takes us on a visit to the greatest archeological find of the twentieth century- the Terra Cotta Army. Learn about the history of these incredible warriors which were created to guard the tomb of Emperor Qin over 2200 years ago.



Friday and Monday

December 2 and 5, 2016

China: Confucianism and the Han Dynasty

Step #1

Complete Qin: Cost - Benefit - Analysis

Open the power point. The assignment is on pages 3 and 4 of this power point.

Step #2

On the back of your handout. Make a chart with the following: Confucianism, Daoism/Taoism, and Buddhism. Complete the following: founder, main ideas, influence upon society.

Confucianism Daoism/Taoism Buddhism

Main Ideas Main Ideas Main Ideas

Watch the video on the Three Chinese Philosophies to obtain the necessary information for your chart.

Step #3 - Answer the questions on your handout.

1. Government =
Confucianism - Confucius believed that the key to a successful society was
relationships that were based on honesty and respect.
Five Relationships: What are they?
Began by Liu Bong – Who was he and how was his rule different from the Qin?
Wanted the most skilled workers
Schools established – what was studied? Who could attend?
Test was needed to earn a job position – Meritocracy – Define?
2. Society =
Social Hierarchy – Draw the social pyramid. Label all parts.
Rich vs. Poor – compare and contrast at least three parts of life.
Men in charge – Filial Society or Patriarchal Society – describe the family structure
in the Hany Dynasty. Provide at least three specific ways that the family was very important.
Education is very important
Good job
Girls learn “women’s work”

Read the first two pages of the pdf located below please.

Confucianism - The Five Relationships

This video clip focuses on the Han Dynasty, the Government, and Meritocracy

What were the main ideas of Confucianism?

Confucius believed that the key to a successful society was relationships that were based on honesty and respect. He defined five key relationships: ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, older brother and younger brother, and friend and friend. Of these five relationships, only the relationship between a friend and friend was considered a relationship of equals. Confucius considered the other four to be hierarchical relationships. In a hierarchical relationship, one person has more power than the other, but each person has a distinct role and set of responsibilities.

Although Confucius spoke of the father-son and older brother-younger brother relationships, the same relationships held true for a mother and a daughter or an older sister and a younger sister. However, according to Confucius, women were obedient to men, so a husband held the power in a marriage.

Confucius believed that in each relationship, the person with more power was required to set a good example for the other person and to use his or her power wisely. This person should act fairly and honestly, showing those below him how to behave with integrity. The person with less power was expected to obey and respect the more powerful individual. So a younger brother would obey and respect his older brother. However, if the older brother did not behave with honesty and integrity, he would not be worthy of respect.

Confucius taught that if each person acted according to his or her station in life, then society would run smoothly. China would once again have a peaceful, well-ordered state, rather than the chaos that existed during the Warring States period.


Adult etiquette classes in China - teaches you manners!


Confucian students completing final tests in front of the emperor!

In particular, the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE) was influenced by the teachings of Confucius. The Han established a large empire and needed an orderly and effective system of government to manage the territory. This led them to choose government officials based on their qualifications rather than their connections. Previously, government posts had been awarded to the sons of nobles, to gain the nobles’ loyalty. The Han instituted the civil service exam and gave government posts to those with the highest scores. This merit-based system had its roots in Confucianism. Confucian ideals were also taught in schools at every level, so many of those officials who passed the exams were heavily influenced by Confucianism.

Below is a video clip on Confucianism.

How was society structured during the Han dynasty?

The structure of the family in Han society was strongly influenced by Confucianism. According to Confucianism, the family should be guided by the principle of filial piety, or respect for parental authority—the power of parents. For this reason, Confucians often referred to the emperor as ruler-father.

In the ancient Chinese family, fathers were the heads of the households and thus the authority figures. Because a daughter would eventually marry and move away, families tended to value sons more than daughters. In fact, a husband could divorce his wife if she did not give birth to a son. The father had complete legal authority over his wife and children.

Women were generally not educated and did not enter the workforce. They instead received instruction to prepare them for their roles as wives and mothers. The duties of the wife involved raising her children, cooking, and cleaning.

Ancient Chinese families tended to be large. At least 100 relatives often lived together, including grandparents, aunts and uncles, and cousins. An ideal for a family was “five generations under one roof.” However, only wealthy families could achieve this goal. The families of commoners often had one or two generations. The elder generations were held in high esteem and given respect. As a result, they had authority over the younger members of the household.

Government During the Han Dynasty

How was government structured during the Han dynasty?

A virtuous ruler is like the Pole-star, which keeps its place, while all the other stars do homage to it.
—Confucius, The Analects

Emperor Wudi made Confucianism the state philosophy, which strongly influenced Han government and society. Confucianism emphasized moral responsibility and appointing government officials based on their virtue. In the Han dynasty, all high-ranking government officials had to be scholars of Confucius.

The structure of the government in Han society was similar to the structure of the family. The emperor was the head of the government and ruled with the Mandate of Heaven. However, to govern the enormous empire, the emperor and central government created a network of specialized local officials who would handle day-to-day tasks. These officials were professional government workers, called civil servants, rather than nobles. Some of these local officials collected taxes. Others regulated religious cults or served as judges in criminal cases. These local officials reported to higher-level officials, who, in turn, reported to officials at an even higher level, with power flowing up to the emperor. This type of specialized network is called a bureaucracy.

Rising Through Merit

The Han government was divided into 12 levels, ranging from clerks to ministers of state. In this system, officials had specialized duties, and certain functions were often duplicated to prevent individual officials from becoming too powerful. Government officials did not inherit their positions. Instead, most government officials began as apprentices at local government offices, where they learned to draft documents and read official directives. Young men, even those from lower-ranking families, could get apprenticeships. Higher-level officials then nominated younger workers for promotions based on the quality of their work.

As officials rose, their education became even more important, so the government established an imperial university, also called the Grand School, to ensure that top-ranking officials would have training in Confucian teachings. The emperor also created a test that officials would take to ensure that they understood the works of Confucius. This system of promotion established an early form of meritocracy, or leadership based on ability, not birth. Hard-working and intelligent workers inside the bureaucracy could be promoted to the highest levels of government.

In some places, powerful families abused this system, nominating relatives to make sure that all government posts were filled with members of the same family. These families could then expect to see their own relatives rise into the higher ranks of government through promotion. Still, the bureaucracy established by the Han dynasty became a model for governance adopted by later dynasties. Those dynasties also improved the meritocracy by improving the education system and making exams, rather than recommendations, the primary basis for promotion.



History Teacher Chinese Dynasties ("Vogue" by Madonna) YouTube


Students will read various articles on Chinese Philosophies and ways of life during the Chinese Dynasties. They will report back to their group and share the three questions below. The letter on your desk is the text you are responsible for completing.

Letter A's

Letter B's

Letter C's

Letter D's

•1. Summarize the article read. What is it about?

•2. What are some pros and cons relating to the main idea of the article? Two to three examples are good.

•3. Are there any changes you would make to the main idea of the article? OR What type of pressure or impact does this place upon society?

After the group has discussed the various articles - please determine the most interesting item you learned about today from the article. Explain what made this stand out in your mind.

Directions: Each group is responsible for reading an additional text regarding the impacts of ideas used during the ancient Chinese Dynasties.

Each group member is responsible for reading the information, discussing the information and being able to share the following:

1. Main idea of the text.

2. How does the main idea relate back to the ideas from ancient Chinese Dynasties?

3. What are your personal thoughts and/or feelings about what you read? (think about - would you want to live in this type of society? OR how does the main idea impact/control this society? OR are there any changes you would wish to make to the main idea?

Table #1

A. Opinion: What **Asian** schools can teach the rest of the world - CNN **...**

  1. http://www.cnn.com/2013/12/03/opinion/education-rankings-commentary-schleicher/ Dec 3, 2013 ... East Asian education systems have topped a global league table but the success of the region's schools is not about rote learning, says ...


Table #2

B. **Asia** tops biggest global school **rankings** - BBC News - BBC.com http://www.bbc.com/news/business-32608772 May 13, 2015 ... The OECD economic think tank says the comparisons - based on test scores in 76 countries - show the link between education and economic ...


Table #3

C. 7 Cultures That Celebrate Aging And **Respect** Their **Elders**

  1. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/25/what-other-cultures-can-teach_n_4834228.html Feb 25, 2014 ... 7 Cultures That Celebrate Aging And Respect Their Elders .... I am looking for the word that reflects the Asian Culture that celebrates elders.


Table #4

D. How the **elderly** are treated around the world - The Week http://theweek.com/articles/462230/how-elderly-are-treated-around-world Jul 23, 2013 ... Not only do Koreans respect the elderly, but they also celebrate them. For Koreans, the 60th and 70th birthdays are prominent life events, which ...


Table #5

E. **Ancestor veneration in China** - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancestor_veneration_in_China An ancestral worship ceremony led by Taoist priests at the pyramidal-shaped Great Temple of Zhang Hui (张挥公大殿 Zhāng Huī gōng dàdiàn), the main ...


Table #6

F. Ghost Festival


Qingming Festival


Double Ninth Festival


Table #7

G. One-Child Policy

One-child policy, official program initiated in the late 1970s and early ’80s by the central government of China, the purpose of which was to limit the great majority of family units in the country to one child each. The rationale for implementing the policy was to reduce the growth rate of China’s enormous population. It was announced in late 2015 that the program was to end in early 2016.

The one-child policy produced consequences beyond the goal of reducing population growth. Most notably, the country’s overall discrepancy between males and females.Traditionally, male children (especially firstborn) have been preferred—particularly in rural areas—as sons inherit the family name and property and are responsible for the care of elderly parents. When most families were restricted to one child, having a girl became highly undesirable, resulting in a rise in getting rid of female children. Over time, the gap widened between the number of males and females and, as those children came of age, it led to a situation in which there were fewer females available for marriage.

Another consequence of the policy was a growing proportion of elderly people, the result of the drop in children born. That became a concern, as the great majority of senior citizens in China relied on their children for support after they retired, and there were fewer children to support them.

A third consequence was instances in which the births of children after the first went unreported or were hidden from authorities. Those children, most of whom were undocumented, faced hardships in obtaining education and employment. Although the number of such children is not known, estimates have ranged from the hundreds of thousands to several million.

Efforts were made to modify the one-child policy. In addition to earlier exceptions such as for minority peoples or for those whose firstborn was handicapped, those measures included allowing rural families in some areas to have two or even three children and permitting parents whose firstborn was a girl or who both were only children to have a second child. The one-child policy was enforced for most Chinese into the 21st century, but in late 2015 Chinese officials announced that the program was ending. Beginning in early 2016, all families would be allowed to have two children.

Thursday and Friday

December 8 and 9, 2016

China: Han Dynasty

Choose one of the activities to complete.......

Choice #1

Directions: You will be writing a resume for an imaginary person seeking a job with the Han government.
Provide details in the resume regarding:
The position applying forPalace Baker, Palace Chef, Chancellor, Tax Collector, Priest, Judge, etc.
the person’s education (schools, years, specific skills/expertise)5 years being tutored by father and elder brother, 10 years in village school making all A's, I trained in math and science, etc.
Any experience with the position/work/etc. I sold baked cookies to neighbors to earn money for my family, I was responsible for taking care of my younger siblings, etc.
family connections and values (where they are in the family/how they treat their family)My grandfather was the chancellor in the government, my father was in the Battle of Loiung and won a medal for bravery, Every morning I honor my ancestor by lighting a candle at their shrine and offer them food, I rebuilt my family funeral temple.
other qualifications important to the Han.
Refer back to the information that discusses the necessary qualification for obtaining a positions in the Han government.

Image result for examples of resumes
Image result for examples of resumes

Resume Examples and Templates for Students

Resume examples and templates for students, including resumes for high school students, college students, and recent graduates seeking employment.Entry Level Resume Template - ‎College Resume Template

Sample Resume - High School Student - Academic

www.aie.org/...resume/sample-resumes.../Resum...Adventures In Education

Find a Job > Write Your Resume > Sample Resumes and Templates > ... Junior/senior high school student highlighting academics. ... Scholarship based on academic achievement, community service, and campus participation and leadership in high school communications projects and studies.

[PDF]Sample Resume for High School Students

Sample Resume for High School Students. Jane Doe. 12 Snelling Avenue. St. Paul, Minnesota 55116. (651) 555-1111 jane.doe@spps.org. Education Highland ...

Choice #2

Directions: prepare a script for a documentary film that focuses on society in Han China.Present information about:family duties and the roles of fathers, wives, and childrenas well as education, jobs and the government.

Choice #3

Directions: Since the Qin Dynasty destroyed your families funeral vault/temple, you have been chosen from your entire family to design a new funeral vault for your ancestors and future family members.This vault/temple must accommodate hundreds of people. It is very important you show the proper honor & respect for the founding members of your family.Vault/Temple:a special spot for the founding member of your family. Who was this individual? What was their family values? A special spot for a future family member who should be honored. What will make this person special? What should their family values look like? What role will they need to have among fathers, wives, children? Describe the education needed and their role necessary in the government and job force.

Family Shrines

Image result for chinese family shrines
Image result for chinese family shrines

Family Burial Vaults



Family Temples


Monday and Tuesday

December 12 and 13, 2016

China: Silk road

1. Please watch this video on the Silk Road. http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-silk-road-history-s-first-world-wide-web-shannon-harris-castelo

2. Silk Road Activity - 1

1. Use your Silk Road Map for the following activity. Click on the link below.



2. On your map use arrows showing the direction that goods (people, goods, ideas) were moving. What products was China importing and exporting? List the names of the products on the arrows. Use different colors to show the trade.

3. Show me your work.

4. How did the Silk Road continue to play a role in world events? Think about the following to assist you.....Mongols, Bubonic Plague.....

5. Why is the Silk Road no longer a major player in trade? Think about the Mongols, Portugal.......

6. Show me your work.

3. Silk Road Activity - 2

1. Use the back of your Silk Road Map for the following activity. Click on the link below.

2. The Silk Road interactive website from Stanford Program on International and Cross-Cultural Education (SPICE).

3. There are four topics you may focus on: maps, timeline, music, and sites of the Silk Road.

4. Visit each topic. After each topic you need to share something new you have learned about the Silk Road. Would you like to visit any of these places? If so why?

The //Silk Road// Project - Educational Resources


4. Complete the schoolnet reviews on ancient China. Use your materials to assist you.

Mapskills - ME2FE9FA

Philosophies - FY8XA4GE9

Dynasties - XE2JA7

5.The link below will take you to DiscoveryEducation.com. The video does a great job sharing the accomplishments of the ancient Chinese.


Below are additional websites on the Silk Road

//Silk Road// -- //Kids// Encyclopedia | //Children's// Homework Help | //Kids// **...**


The //Silk Road// - Ancient China for //Kids//


Ancient China for //Kids//: The //Silk Road// - Ducksters


History of Chinese Silk, Ancient //Silk Road// from|in China for //Kids//