..........................Opa! Welcome to Ancient Greece!......................



The following websites may assist you in your study of Ancient Greece.

This site below can take one to many other sites.

www.besthistorysites.net › Ancient/Biblical History

BBC - Primary History - Ancient Greeks


Ancient Greece for Kids - Main Index


Ancient Greece - Middle School History for Kids - Kidipede


Ancient Greece for Kids - Woodlands Homework Help


History: Ancient Greece for Kids - Ducksters


Ancient Greece - History, mythology, art, war, culture, society, and ...


Children of Ancient Greece - History Link 101


Ancient Greece - The Children's University of Manchester

www.childrensuniversity.manchester.ac.uk › History

Ntional Geographci Kids - 10 facts about the Ancient Greeks


Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery for Kids



The following PDF Files may be used as enrichment to assist you in your study of ancient Greece.


Greece is a peninsula, which means that it is surrounded on three sides by water. Greece has a lot of smaller peninsulas sticking out from it, which means Greece enjoys many natural harbors.
Greece is also covered with mountains. They are not huge mountains but if you are trying to go from place to place in Greece, you'll find the mountains a bit of a hindrance.
Three thousand years ago, it was very difficult to get from place to place in ancient Greece by walking. But it was easy to get from place to place in Greece by boat.
In the ancient world that grew up around the Mediterranean Sea, the Greeks became known as great sailors. They sailed about the Mediterranean, setting up colonies and outposts where they could.
They tried to set up a colony or two in Egypt, but the Egyptians chased them away. They had more luck establishing new towns on the coast of Turkey, on the coast of Italy, on the coast of Africa, and on the coast of France.
Meanwhile, back in mainland Greece, cities were thriving. The soil was mostly fertile. The Greeks had a wealth of seafood, fresh fish, a wealth of vegetables, and fresh drinking water. The Greeks were very happy with their land.
Maps showing the early civilizations of ancient Greece.

........................................................Located below are the assignments for Ancient Greece.........................................................................

MondayJanuary 4, 2016Greece: Vocabulary

Students began their unit study of ancient Greece. The focus was to work on the Frayer Model Vocabulary. Terms, Definitions and Characteristics are located on the study guide.

The study guide for ancient Greece is located below.


January 5, 2016

Greece: Geography

Step #1:

Complete Vocabulary - Due Today! - Check with me once completed.

Step #2:

Clip #1

Living History: Living in Ancient Greece

The Land and City-States of Ancient Greece - 1:37



Complete the reading from the power point located below. Feel free to read the slides that are located around the room. We will review and discuss. Please be prepared.


Complete Absolute Location Map on Ancient Greece.....See me once completed.

Step #4:

Complete the two maps -Just below is a PDF file showing an example of the maps in their colored form.

Greek City-States @ 400 BCE


Color the land Green

Trace over the letters of the Aegean Sea and Black Sea in Blue

Trace over the letters of Macedonia, Thrace and Persia in Red

Color the small extent of Persia's land in Red

Highlight the cities/places with an underline in Yellow

Circle the names of Sparta and Athens in Orange

At the top of the map or on the back.........Provide three ways the physical features of ancient Greece impacted its development? Answer using complete sentences.

Mediterranean: Greek City-States and Colonies.


Color the water a light Blue (No Marker) and trace over the letters of the seas in Blue

Trace over the mountains in Brown

Trace over the Silk Road and Major Trade Routes in Red

Highlight the names of places in Orange

Color the Greek Colonies and Greek City-States and key in Yellow

Color the Phoenician Colonies and Phoenicia and key in Green

At the bottom of the map or on the back.........Please complete the following using complete sentences.

1. Name three colonies created by the Greeks which are located around the Mediterranean Sea? What products can Greece export? What products may Greece need/want to import?

2. What major power (country/empire) did Greeks probably have competition in trading with?

3. Why were Greek colonies always located along the coastline?

................Below are several video clips on Geography of Ancient Greece. Please add to your graphic organizer as needed...........................

Clip #2

The link below are two video clips from discoveryeducation.com. It provides details on the Battle of Marathon. The title of the clips are - "Battle of Marathon" and The Heroes at Marathon." You will learn how location and physical features played a role in this battle.


Clip #3

The link below is a video clip from discoveryeducation.com. It explains how geography played a role in the Persian Wars. The title of the clips are - "Persians Attack Athens" and "Athenians Defeat Persians At Sea".


Clip #4


The titles to watch are: Minoan Civilization [5:29] and Minoan Eruption on Santorini [5:56]


January 6, 2016

Greece: Geography

Please finish the assignments from Tuesday, January 5th.


January 7, 2016

Greece: Geography

Please finish the assignments from Tuesday, January 5th.



Family Tree of some of the early Greek gods.

Many Myths, //Greek Mythology// - Ancient Greece for Kids



Depiction of the town of Olympia which held the ancient Greek olympic games. Held every four years to honor the god Zeus.

Greek Mythology- List of //Greek Gods and Goddesses// in Ancient **...**


//Greek Mythology// :: //Greek Gods// :: //Greek Goddesses// :: //Greek// Myths


Ancient //Greece// - //Gods and Goddesses// - The British Museum

Family Tree of some of the gods and goddesses of ancient Greece.

Drawing of the Parthenon atop the Acropolis. The temple, Parthenon, was built by the Athenians to honor the goddess Athena. Modern remains of the Parthenon.

Statue of Athena - Goddess of Wisdom and War; Patron Goddess of the city of Athens


January 8, 2016

Greece: Governments

Students today were introduced to the four main types of governments in the ancient Greek city-states. Open the power point to follow directions. Complete the graphic organizer. Allow time for discussion. Then determine the pros and cons for each type of government. Again, allow time for discussion and debate as needed.


January 11, 2016

Greece: Athenian Democracy

Students were introduced to democracy of the ancient Greek world. Open the power point to follow directions.The focus was on the democracy of the ancient Greeks. Students completed a graphic organizer to take notes and guide them in the lesson. Basic introduction was provided. Then students reviewed and discussed. The next step was to determine who actually was a citizen in ancient Athens........what a surprise for some students!


January 12, 2016

Greece: Athenian Democracy

Please see the activity from Monday. Students completed their study of Athenian Democracy.

The last part of class was spent introducing the main ideas of the city-states of Athens and Sparta.

Greece-Solon-Athenian-Statesman.jpgGreece-Pericles.jpgGreece-Athens-Drawing-500-BCE.jpgSolon - "The ideal state is that in which an injury done to the least of it's citizens is an injury done to all" - Athenian Statesman. Pericles - Athenian Statesman who increased democracy in Athenians and encouraged a more active role for all citizens. Drawing of the heart of Athens at the height of its power.

Chart of Athenian Democracy.


January 13, 2016

Greece: Athens vs Sparta

Students will focus on the two most powerful city-states of the ancient Greek world - Athens and Sparta. These two unique cities led to much distrust and hatred. This of course led to war - The Peloponnesian War! Although Sparta proved to be the victors......the downfall affected of of the Greek city-states because eventually they would be conquered by Alexander the Great from Macedonia.


January 14, 2016


Peloponnesian War Game!!! May the odds be ever in your favor!!!!!

Once the War Game is completed. Please complete the writing assignment below.

Which city-state would you most want to be a part of? Athens or Sparta? Why? Please provide at least 3 reasons, from the text, to support your choice. Also, use complete sentences.

Map of the major powers in ancient Greece along with their allies


January 15, 2016

Greece: Alexander the Great

The Golden Age of Greece

What were the major cultural innovations of ancient Greece?

In 480 BCE, Athens, along with other city-states in Greece, had just fought a war with the Persians. Athens had been burned to the ground, and when the inhabitants returned, they focused on rebuilding their city and their culture. This was the beginning of the classical period of ancient Greece, which lasted from approximately 479 BCE to 323 BCE.

During this period, architecture and the arts flourished and philosophy, the search for wisdom, was developed. Philosophy became an important part of life in Athens. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were three Greek philosophers whose works have inspired generations of thinkers.

Greek cultural life also blossomed during this time. The Greeks built palaces and temples that still stand today. The influence of their architecture and sculpture is apparent in many modern buildings and works of art. The religious myths, epic stories, and dramatic plays written by ancient Greeks have also survived. These works have been retold over the years and translated into many languages.

By the end of the classical period, a ruler named Alexander the Great had unified the Greek city-states and conquered large portions of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. As Greek armies spread, the ideas and innovations of ancient Greeks spread with them.

Below is a power point with information regarding the importance of Alexander the Great.

A video clip on Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great created the most powerful empire the world had seen to date.

  • Alexander the Great
  • 1. Alexander the Great: Training and Conquest
  • 2. Alexander the Great's Legacy: Hellenistic ...




Greece-Map-Alexander-Great-Battles-Empire.jpgMaps showing the extent of Alexander the Great's Empire

Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday

January 19, 20, 21 and 22, 2016

Greece: Achievements

How has classical Greek culture impacted our modern lives?=

Do to quarterly testing the entire week, students will face a modified schedule.

Tuesday - 1,2,3 and 6th Block Classes Only.

Wednesday - Early release day....not certain which classes, if any.

Thursday - 3,4,5, and 6th Block Classes Only.

Friday - ALL Cl--asses: 1, 2,3, 4, 5 and 6th Block Classes

Step #1

Please open the link below and read the information on the achievements of the ancient Greek world. Once you have reviewed the information on the handout - read it again!

Also, check out the main ideas just below, obtained from DiscoveryEducation.com.

The Ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle each developed distinctive philosophies that had similarities and differences with other philosophies.

  • Socrates used a method of teaching called the Socratic method.

  • Socrates stressed the pursuit of morality.

  • Plato wrote down the ideas of Socrates in a series of books called dialogues.

  • Plato believed there was an ideal form of all objects and ideas that was beyond the five senses.

  • Plato wrote the Republic, which describes his version of an ideal society and influenced many thinkers throughout history.

  • The ideas in the Republic contradicted the ideas of other ancient philosophies.

  • Aristotle analyzed the process of logical thinking.

  • Aristotle believed that in the real world a constitutional monarchy was the best form of government.

Why Does It Matter?

The philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle greatly influenced political and cultural life in ancient Greece. These philosophies were passed on through the ages and influenced leaders throughout Western history.
During the Middle Ages in Europe, Christian, Jewish, and Arab scholars admired the writings of Aristotle.


Important Achievements of the Ancient Greeks

The ancient Greeks were responsible for many cultural achievements that influenced societies around them as well as future civilizations.
  • The ancient Greeks developed the first version of democracy.
  • The ancient Greeks developed a complex mythology that influenced Roman mythology.
  • The Olympic Games began in ancient Greece as part of a religious festival.
  • The Greek language forms the basis of many English words.
  • Homer wrote the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
  • Greek drama included comedy and tragedy.
  • Sophocles wrote many great tragedies, including Oedipus Rex.

Why Does It Matter?

Greek democracy had a strong effect on the formation of later democracies, including the United States. Greek mythology still influences modern culture. The Olympic Games are today among the largest international sporting events in the world. The works of the ancient Greek writers are depicted through books, theater, and film in today’s world.

The ancient Greeks dedicated the temple called the Parthenon, located in Athens, to the goddess Athena.

Step #2

Answer these questions in your EQ #3 Graphic Organizer


1. Compare and/or Contrast 5 achievements in the ancient Greek world with those in modern society.

2. Which 3 achievements of the ancient Greek surprised you the most? What are they and why are you surprised?

3. If you could only bring ONE achievement of the ancient Greek world into the modern world, what would it be and why?

The first two video links are overviews of the achievements of the ancient Greek world.


What the Ancients Knew: The Greeks=


The Western world is built on the wisdom and traditions of the ancient Greeks, who uncovered the fundamental principles that established the basics of modern technology. Explore their contributions to geometry, astronomy, and physics and take a close-up look at how they applied their knowledge: Thales predicted an eclipse, Pythagoras discovered mathematical correlation between a musical instrument's string length and its tone, Archimedes developed laws of mechanics, and a group of 90 priests made well-informed educated guesses about many things.



Living History: Living in Ancient Greece=


An overview of ancient Greece: City-States, Religion, Olympics, Medicine, Theater, etc.


This section has the main "achievements" of the ancient Greek world. Each section has a video link or two to assist you in your study....................................................................................................................................................


Philosophy became an important part of life in Athens. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were three Greek philosophers whose works have inspired generations of thinkers.


Ancient Greek Philosophy =

Philosophy, a word that means lover or friend of wisdom, was developed by the Ancient Greeks.



The painting below is called the School of Athens. It was painted by the famous Renaissance painter - Raphael. The Renaissance was the rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman ideas. Notice who is smack dab in the middle!


The ancient Greek Philosophers are smack dab in the middle!



Socrates Challenges Society=


Expounds Socrates's beliefs and criticisms regarding democratic society. After a time, Socrates angered the authorities and was sentenced to death.


A famous painting of Socrates. It depicts the moment when Socrates drank poison as his punishment for "corrupting" the youth.


Religion in Ancient Greece

What type of religion did the ancient Greeks practice?

The Ancient Greeks practiced polytheism, or the belief in many gods. They believed that the 12 major gods and goddesses, known as Olympians, lived on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. The Greeks also believed in other minor gods, as well as beings that were part god and part mortal, known as demigods. Achilles, one of the most famous demigods, was the son of a nymph, or nature spirit, and a human king. Each city-state paid special homage, through acts such as the construction of temples, to one or more deities who they believed in turn protected their city. City-states often held festivals to honor the gods and goddess that protected their cities.

Gods are depicted in the ancient Greek architecture.


The main gods and goddess of the ancient Greek world.



Mount Olympus and the Gods of Greek Mythology


The mythological gods were often depicted in human form, and they had spiritual and physical weaknesses.


Images from Mount Olympus.



Delphi: The Spiritual Center of the Ancient Greek World


Delphi was home to the temple of Apollo, where people came to seek news of their destiny.



Greek Mythology=


The ancient Greeks used myths to explain the world around them. Homer's Odyssey reveals the world of the ancient Greeks.


Math and Science

How did ancient Greek math and science influence modern life?

Ancient Greek thinkers were not just philosophers. For generations, Greeks had traded with Egyptians, Phoenicians, Mesopotamians, and other early civilizations. From these groups, the Greeks adopted an alphabet, coined currency, and learned innovations. As Greek influence grew, they added to the innovations of other societies and spread their new ideas throughout the region.


Euclid - modern mathematics

Archimedes - "Give me a fulcrum and lever and I can move the world".

Art and Architecture

What was the cultural influence of ancient Greece?

In addition to many important scholarly achievements, the ancient Greeks also made several other cultural contributions to future societies. The art and architecture of ancient Greece had a considerable influence on future generations.

The city-state of Athens. In the background is the acropolis with the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.



Athens: The Spirit of Architecture


The Parthenon was built according to geometric principles that were infused with spiritual meaning.


Ruins of the Parthenon and other buildings on top of the acropolis.


The Olympics

What were the Olympics?

In ancient Greece, athletic events often played an important part in religious festivals. In fact, some scholars believe the Greeks first organized athletic games as part of funeral rituals during the 1200s BCE. Eventually, the Olympic Games, honoring the god Zeus, became the most important athletic religious festival. The earliest record of an Olympic competition dates to 776 BCE. The competition was open to free Greek men, and participants from many city-states came to compete




The Olympic Games


The Olympics were held once every four years, with men competing in a variety of contests. Winning was considered the greatest honor a Greek man could achieve.


Language and Literature in Ancient Greece

What other cultural contributions did the ancient Greeks make?

Literature was an important element of Greek culture. The ancient Greeks wrote many types of literature but were most well known for their poetry and drama. One of the best-known poets was a man named Homer. During the 700s BCE, Homer wrote two of the most influential works ever: the Iliad and the Odyssey. These works are epic poems, or poems that have a long narrative. Although most historians believe Homer is the author of these poems, little evidence of his life exists, and there is some debate about whether he actually existed and if he was in fact the only author of these poems.


Homer's Depiction of Combat


Interviews ancient combat experts and military strategists about the nature of the battlefield tactics described in Homer’s writings. Weapon specialists test the strength of a spear and Bronze Age swords.


This clip is from a larger video on the Trojan War


Fight Scene from the Iliad - Prince Hector and the DemiGod Achilles


Friday, Monday and Tuesday

January 22, 25 and 26, 2016

Snow Days - No School


January 27, 2016

Greece: Mythology Mini-Lesson


January 28, 2016

Greece: Culture Activities

Pottery, Olympic Games Memorabilia, Theaters, Masks, Plays, Constellations, Mythology


January 29, 2016

Greece: Culture Activities

Pottery, Olympic Games Memorabilia, Theaters, Masks, Plays, Constellations, Mythology